Platform for African – European Partnership in Agricultural Research for Development

Wednesday, March 22, 2017

EU-Africa High Level Policy Dialogue Bureau Food and Nutrition Security and Sustainable Agriculture Working Group

15 - 16 March 2017. Addis Ababa. This Kick-Off meeting was organized alongside a cluster of meetings on the FNSSA theme taking place in Addis Ababa to initiate the Working Group’s activities. (One of those meeting was the PROIntensAfrica final seminar (Addis Ababa, 13 - 15 March 2017) on effective and Efficient Research and Innovation Partnerships).

The meeting brought together the members of the Working Group and external experts with the aim of developing a report to be presented to the next plenary meeting of the senior officials of the EU-Africa HLPD (October 2017, tbc) and the Africa-EU Summit in November 2017.

Background:
Background documents
Related:
22 - 23 February 2017. Brussels. Developing a future EU-Africa Research & Innovation Partnership
on climate change and energy
In view of the Africa-EU Summit 2017, the EU-Africa High Level Policy Dialogue on science, technology and innovation is focusing its work on developing a R and I Partnership in a second priority area: climate change and sustainable energy. Scientists, program owners and stakeholders from Africa and Europe gathered in an expert meeting on Climate Change and Renewable Energy organized by RINEA in Brussels. The meeting aimed at further identifying joint research and innovation needs in the area of climate change, renewable energy and sustainability, thereby building on existing collaborative initiatives.


Related:
23-24 January 2017. Brussels. European Commission, DG Research and Innovation. A workshop was held on on EU-Africa R and I Partnership on Food and Nutrition Security and Sustainable Agriculture.

GFAR webinar: Challenging Development and Research Communications

22 March 2017. This webinar covered communications as a “process for change” rather than for promotion or awareness-raising communications: using communications for knowledge creation and sharing, participatory or social learning, creative participatory project synthesis and writeshops or learning briefs. How to work with multi-stakeholder platforms, or use tools like participatory video or farm radio..?

Speakers:
  • Michael Victor (CGIAR Research Program on Water, Land and Ecosystems): Introduction/teaser into the topic
  • Meredith Giordano (Principal Researcher and U.S. Representative for the International Water Management Institute - IWMI).): Project synthesis (and its
    communications) from a researcher’s point of view
  • Peter Ballantyne (head of communications and knowledge management at the International Livestock Research Institute - ILRI): Social learning, participatory comms, tools and processes to create and share knowledge (with some of ILRI’s
    examples)
  • Julian Gonsalves (Senior Advisor for Asia at the International Institute of Rural Reconstruction (IIRR) Philippines): Repackaging research, using 'write shops' as an example 
  • Fisher Qua (Principal Practitioner at Back Loop Consulting): How to use multi-stakeholder
    platforms (with the Mekong dialogue as example)
  • Juliet Braslow (ex-CIAT, has worked with farmers and rural communities internationally for
    the past 10 years): Video to engage farmers as a learning, empowering, and farmer to farmer exchange tool.
  • Karen Hampson ( (Regional Program Manager, ESA, Farm Radio International): Using farm radio and mobile phones as a way to reach farmers with research
    outcomes
  • Beatrice Makwenda, Head of Policy and Communication for the National Smallholder Farmers’ Association of Malawi (NASFAM) presented:
    The uptake and communications 
    of aflatoxin research findings in Malawi and Zambia
    (replaced by Fancois Stepman (PAEPARD) due to technical issues)
    This last presentation of 10 minutes runs from 2:07 to 2:17 in below video




Related:
Management of Aflatoxin in Australian Peanut Industry

Tuesday, March 21, 2017

2017 AWARD GAIA Agricultural Technology (Ag Tech) Innovations

The 2017 AWARD AgTech Innovation Challenge for Southern and Central Africa (GAIA) was launched in March by the African Women in Agricultural Research and Development (AWARD) to increase agribusiness investments in technological and business model innovations that help bridge the gender gap in African agriculture and particularly those that enhance the positive participation of African women in agricultural value chains across the continent.
The AWARD GAIA (Deadline 16th of March) was looking for enterprises that:
  • Serve the agriculture or allied sectors;
  • Demonstrate clear benefits to groups that are often marginalized in agriculture including women smallholder farmers and other women value chain actors;
  • Have an innovative technology or business model;
  • Have a clear for-profit business model with high potential for scale;
  • Have some proof of concept on the ground, conducted pilots and are preferably generating revenues;
  • Are seeking funding to commercialize or scale.
The Benin Agribusiness Incubation Hub-SARL (BAIH-SARL) has been selected selected out of over 200 applicants as a high potential enterprise working in Agriculture Technology, while also working to close the gender gap.

BAIH-SARL is invited to Accra, Ghana to participate in an intensive 2-day boot camp (April 3-5) to further refine and develop their business model. AWARD GAIA will then showcase the selected enterprises to present their pitch at a public showcase where incubators, agriculture experts, investors, and the entrepreneurship community will be present.

Related PAEPARD blog posts:

PAEPARD Soja project receives Ministerial attention
26 July 2016. Cotonou.
FARA visit to SOJAGNON project
14 - 16 aout 2016. Benin.

Monday, March 20, 2017

Strengthening rural livelihoods in the face of rapid urbanisation


20 March 2017. Brussels. CTA Brussels Development Briefing. Strengthening rural livelihoods in the face of rapid urbanisation in Africa. Strengthening rural-urban linkages in terms of infrastructure, transport, market access and exchange of information, ideas and innovation can catalyse economic development in rural areas and provide future perspectives for rural population and especially youth. Rural development strategies should therefore consider some of the following opportunities:
  • New income-generating opportunities in food systems as a result of changing urban consumption patterns
  • Investing in towns and intermediary cities as hubs for economic growth and service delivery for rural areas
  • Boosting agricultural productivity and attracting youth to farming
  • Supporting job creation in the rural non-farm economy and enabling diversified and multi-local livelihood strategies
Programme and Background Note
Biodata of the speakers
Resources

Panel 1: Potential of closer rural-urban linkages for rural transformation and job creation
  • Fostering Rural-Urban links and the implications for the rural economy Steve Wiggins, Senior Researcher, ODI
  • Employment opportunities in West African food systems Thomas Allen, Economist, Sahel and West Africa Club Secretariat, OECD SWAC
  • Agri-Business-Led Employment for Youth in African Agriculture: new opportunities Edson Mpyisi, Principal Agricultural Economist, Coordinator, Agropoles and Agro-Industrial Parks, Agriculture and Agro-Industry Department, African Development Bank Group
  • Applying a territorial lens to rural development: West Kenya portfolio Petra Jacobi, Project Manager, GIZ
Panel 2: Creating opportunities for rural youth in transforming food systems
  • Fostering employment through territorial development, Denis Pesche, sociologist at CIRAD and member of the Research Unit ART-Dev “Actors, Resources and Territories in Development’ (Montpellier University)
  • Opportunities for young entrepreneurs in serving urban or semi-urban markets, Nono Dimakatso Sekhoto, African Farmers’ Association of South Africa
  • Adding value to local products for urban markets, Omar Ouedraogo, Fédération des professionnels agricoles du Burkina (FEPAB)

Friday, March 17, 2017

First MycoKey General Assembly

14 to 17 March, 2017. Bari, Italy. The annual General Assembly represented an opportunity to share tasks progress, periodic outcomes and/or deliverables, to discuss MycoKey on-going activities within the Consortium and was open to stakeholders.

International experts joined the MycoKey Consortium and discussed about mycotoxins issues. In addition, a qualified panel of experts in food safety and European policies – the External Advisory Board – support the MycoKey project by monitoring and evaluating the first year activities and progress.

This event allowed all the member to update the work plan, share knowledge and experience, manage potential risks, schedule next activities to achieve MycoKey goals, thus valorising any opportunity arising from the joint work of this international community.

Related:


Related:
ISM – MYCOKEY Workshop – Training Course 2017 Strategies for minimization of mycotoxins and toxigenic fungi in food chains
The Institute of Sciences of Food Production – National Research Councilof Italy (ISPA-CNR), under the aegis of the MycoKey project (http://www.mycokey.eu/) and the International Society for Mycotoxicology (ISM), is hosting a 4 days Workshop-Training Course from 16 to 19 October, 2017.

The course aims at training smart, integrated, sustainable solutions and innovative tools to manage and reduce the major mycotoxins (aflatoxins, fumonisins, trichothecenes and ochratoxin A) in economically important food and feed chains (maize, wheat, barley, dried fruits and grape) in pre and post-harvest.

Advanced technologies in the field of chemical detection, molecular analysis, modelling and ICT solutions will be covered by highly qualified international instructors, throughout lectures and laboratory experiences. About half of the duration of the workshop will be ”hands on” and spent in the laboratory.

Wednesday, March 15, 2017

Processus Assurance Qualité des poissons transformés au Tchad

Processus Assurance Qualité des poissons transformés au Tchad
Ali Gamane Kaffine, Jean Claude Micha, Abdelsalam Tidjani
Editions universitaires europeennes ( 20.02.2017 )

Au Tchad, le poisson transformé est une denrée consommée accessible à toutes les couches sociales. A ce titre, il devient une préoccupation publique. 

En combinant les protocoles d’analyses alimentaires et le suivi des diagrammes, le livre montre deux types de résultats assortis d’un plan destiné aux transformatrices. Le résultat du suivi des diagrammes a montré des lacunes préjudiciables à la santé humaine notamment les probables contaminations aux germes pathogènes. 

Des points critiques : lavages des mains et poisson, inobservances de règles d’hygiène ont été déterminés et des mesures correctives ont été apportées sur des diagrammes améliorés de production. 

Les analyses microbiologiques ont montré des échantillons traités positifs aux germes cherchés et sont non satisfaisants à 83,3% contre 16,7% satisfaisants. Ce résultat confirme les défauts technologiques dans le processus de transformation des poissons. Des contaminations diverses par les germes indicateurs de manquement aux règles d’hygiène ont été observées. De toute évidence les résultats de ces analyses et enquêtes invitent les transformatrices à une amélioration de la qualité du poisson transformé commercialisé au Tchad.

5th Commercial Farm Africa 2017


14-15 March 2017. Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. “Agriculture transformation through value additions and innovative technologies!” “How farms adapt to new market conditions and commodity prices?”

The 5th Commercial Farm Africa Summit brought together leading industry experts to share insights and experience in transforming Africa’s agri value chain.

PANEL DISCUSSION: INNOVATIVE FINANCING OF AGRIBUSINESS IN AFRICA
  • Institutional investors and Agri private equity: What are the objective and targets to achieve in agri investment? 
  • Risk and return: what are the expectation?
  • Access to finance in current economic climate
  • Finding new ways to support African agriculture
Panelist:
LEVERAGING PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS FOR IMPACT IN AFRICAN
AGRIBUSINESS
Ms. Vanessa Adams, Director/Chief of Party, (picture) USAID Southern Africa Trade and Investment Hub implemented by DAI

WHY YOU NEED TO THINK BROADER THAN JUST A COMMERCIAL FARM - A CASE STUDY ON MALAWI MANGOES
Mr. Craig Hardie, Co-Founder Longevity Development  Co Founder & Former Joint MD, Malawi Mangoes

SUSTAINABLE & STRATEGIC SOURCING STRATEGY IN EQUATORIAL AFRICA
– NESTLE’S PERSPECTIVE
Mr. Fabrice Blanc, Head of Procurement and Demand & Supply Planning Nestle Equatorial African Region Limited

Assessing use of the Mazzican to transport and improve milk quality in Tanzania

The efficacy of the Mazzican for milking, transportation and improving bacteriological quality of milk in the smallholder dairy value chain in Tanzania. 
Kurwijila, L.R., Mboya, N., Laizer, M. and Omore, A. 2016. Nairobi, Kenya: ILRI.

Plastic milk containers commonly used in milk handling and transportation
of raw milk by traditional farmers and milk traders contribute to the poor bacteriological quality of milk commonly observed in smallholder dairy value chains in Tanzania.

These plastic containers are often not made from food grade plastic material or designed for milk handling but they are commonly used because they are more affordable than recommended metal containers.

This report presents results of field testing a new and affordable food grade plastic container (the “Mazzican“) to assess acceptability and validate its efficacy to improve the bacteriological quality of milk when it is used for handling and transportation of raw milk by agro-pastoralists and smallholder farmers.

More information:

Sustainable smallholder development

14-15 March 2017. London. How to empower farmers and deliver business solutions at scale: a two-day conference on how business can engage with small farmers to ensure supply security and resilience at scale

This conference addressed the major risks for small farmers across agricultural sectors, and focused on how business can create scalable solutions to tackle future supply chain vulnerabilities. It focused on the top priorities across commodities to provide high-level insight and practical, actionable guidance on how business can implement effective programmes that will boost the resilience of smallholders at scale.

You can view the full list of attendees here. 

Themes:
  • Sustainable Development Goals: Guidance on how companies can strategically integrate the 17 SDGs into their smallholder policy to raise social and economic development.
  • Capacity building: Addressing the business role in building capacity for farmer resilience, independence and stability.
  • Blended finance: Examples of innovative financial risk-sharing models that can provide long-term finance for smallholder farmers.
  • Economic viability of farming: progressive solutions to securing future supply chains.
  • Pre-competitive collaboration: Active debate around how business can facilitate greater collaboration and knowledge sharing across agri supply chains.
  • Climate-smart agriculture: An analysis of CSA's potential as a solution to climate risk and examples of successful cases so far.
Capacity building: What is the role of major companies in supporting farmer independence and stability?
This session discussed what journey business must embark on to lay the foundation for a future of sustainable smallholder farming. The panelists explored how business models can align interests of business, government and farmers alike, and how collaborative effort can empower farmers at scale.

  1. What role will business take to build capacity for sustainable smallholders?
  2. How do we take it to scale with the huge number of smallholders spread across geographies?
  3. How do we incentivise local governments?
  4. How do we incentivise smallholders?
  5. Who pays?
With:
  • Alan Johnson, senior operations officer, IFC
  • Mike Warmington(picture) director of microfinance partnerships, One Acre Fund
  • Roberto Vega(picture) head smallholder policy and food chain relations, Syngenta
  • Anna Turrell, (picture) senior public affairs manager – sustainability, Nestlé
Collaborating for finance: How to manage and make partnerships for finance workThis session hosted a multi-perspective discussion from organizations engaging in these blended finance models. The discussion focused on how to best make financial partnerships for shared risk work.
  1. Making shared decision-making work;
  2. Overcoming conflicts of interest;
  3. Deciding appropriate levels of financial commitment;
  4. Overcoming implementation challenges in day-to-day partnership management; and
  5. Avoiding negative reputation impact by association.
With:
  • Hoi-Ming Mak(picture) initiate lead "Impactor", ING NL
  • Kate Wylie(picture) global sustainability director, MARS
  • Chris Isaac, senior director, investments and business development, AgDevCo
  • Urvi Kelkar(picture) global agriculture policy and partnerships manager, AB InBev
Pre-competitive collaboration: How willing are companies to engage in knowledge-sharing across agriculture supply chains
Following on the previous session, it cannot be disputed that there is tremendous value to greater knowledge sharing, communication and collaboration and across agriculture supply chains. In an ideal world, organisations could come together in honest, pre-competitive space to work on common issues, share critical types of data and experience to find better solutions. Clearly, this is easier said than done.

This discussion assessed the potential of pre-competitive collaboration as means to greater communication and information exchange. The panellists addressed questions such as:
  1. What might pre-competitive collaboration look like and is it realistic?
  2. To what extent are companies truly willing to be fully transparent and disclose information to their competitors?
  3. What are the obstacles to making pre-competitive collaboration work, and how can they be
    overcome?
With:
  • Clare Salter,  (picture) senior communications manager, EMEA, Starbucks
  • John Magnay, head of agriculture, Opportunity International
  • Erinch Sahan,  (picture) head of private sector team, Oxfam
  • Herbert Lust, vice president and managing director, Europe, Conservation International
Resources:
10/03/2017 Can smallholders count on better data? Data that is shared or reused can have a “far greater value than if it were simply used for its original purpose”, was a key conclusion of a recent Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (CTA) working paper.

However, working out how best to deliver on this opportunity is still in its infancy. According to research from ICT, while the opportunities might appear to be plentiful, a lack of reliable and contextualised data is currently working against smallholder farmers.

Currently, open agricultural data in developing countries is thin on the ground. Information must be localised to have the desired effect. As Theo de Jager, president of the Pan African Farmers’ Organisation pointed out to ICT “On a farm – whether it is one thousand hectares or only one hectare – I need real-time information. What does the market want now? What’s my soil like now? What’s the weather like now?’”

Better information means farmers are better equipped to know what to plant and when, yet this type of data remains hard to get hold of.
  • in Uganda, ICT4Ag-enabled Information Service is providing farmers with satellite-based data to help improve agronomic practice as well as financial and index-based insurance services and market intelligence on where and when to sell.
  • FarmSat and FieldLook are among the growing number of service providers offering satellite-based crop monitoring. Such advice-by-satellite is said to increase smallholder productivity by around 40%.
As Zara Rahman, a researcher at tech specialists Engine Room, warns, there is a crucial need to build capacity among smallholder farmers so they can deal with the growing amounts of data as they are becoming accessible. “Simply making data available is not enough … and more needs to be done, potentially through providing low-cost advisory services on data use, or more accessible capacity building options.”

Tuesday, March 14, 2017

Mapping the agribusiness landscape in East Africa

2 March 2017AGRIinsight Ltd announced that it had successfully secured two significant contracts with clients to deploy its online mapping tool to support agribusiness growth in East Africa. AGRIinsight has secured co-funding for this work from the UK’s Innovation Agency, Innovate UK.

AGRIinsight will start work later this month in Tanzania. The assignment focuses on the support of an agribusiness investment agency based in Dar es Salaam. 
  • AGRIinsight will provide an online “client space” where relevant information is organized, deposited in various forms and imagery, to which access is facilitated to advance the agency’s objectives. 
  • AGRIinsight will give users tools to map locations of agri-businesses and infrastructure, aggregate relevant information and enable targeted information sharing within different value chains, projects or investments. 
  • AGRIinsight will also be providing training to agency staff to map a wide range of organisations involved in agriculture in specific high productive regions of the country. Ultimately, the work will enhance and crowd in investment into the region and thereby help develop a vibrant and profitable farming and agribusiness sector.
In March, in collaboration with its Ethiopian partner, Geospatial Analytical Services (GeoSAS), AGRIinsight will also deploy the online platform within organisations who have a pressing need to better understand and use the natural resource base and evolving commercial landscape of Ethiopia. The initial work will focus on identifying the range and types of data that are publically available. The aim will be to use the platform to determine the most effective ways of managing, packaging and presenting the data in a way that enables organisations to make better, more informed and commercially sound decisions.

Reducing Post-Harvest Losses to Increase the Value of Vegetable Products

2 March 2017Reducing Post-Harvest Losses to Increase the Value of Vegetable Products (2 pages) Policy brief from ECOWAS, New Partnership for Africa's Development.

Currently, substantial al amount of vegetables products are lost through limited availability of technologies and related infrastructure for post-harvest activities. This negatively impacts on incomes of vegetable farmers and the pursuit for national food and nutrition on security. Post-harvest losses in the vegetable value chain are associated with the perishable nature of the products and this is made worse by the weak links in the post-harvest value chain itself.

Most advocacy for the control of post-harvest losses in the vegetable value chain focuses on the cold chain and its related sophistication. However, for West African countries proper training and orientation on of actors within the post-harvest value chain (producers, middle men and women and retailers) and other related infrastructure are more critical than sophisticated machinery geared towards maintaining the cold chain.

Realizing the full potentials of the contribution of vegetables in the national economy depends largely on addressing bottlenecks in the post-harvest value chain. However, limited investments in processing and packaging facilities are a major hindrance in improving quality and lengthening shelf lives of vegetables produced in West African countries.

Recommendations
  • Governments of West African countries to consider matching grants to private sector actors in the vegetable post-harvest value chain.
  • Addressing post-harvest lost in the vegetable value chain requires strategic cooperation and communicate on between research and extension in this regard, a five year strategic plan focusing on research and extension on the vegetable post-harvest value chain would be worth considering.
  • The ministries responsible for agriculture together with the Ministry of Roads and Infrastructure to produce an action plan for upgrading of feeder roads targeting vegetable production sites and mobilize resources to implement the action plan.
  • Facilitation of market linkages with agribusinesses by developing strategic alliances with established marketing outlets such as supermarkets and hotels.
  • Develop and implement communication and sensitization strategy and tools on appropriate timing and methods of harvesting.
  • Develop and implement nutrition education programmes.

Monday, March 13, 2017

PROIntensAfrica final seminar


13 - 15 March 2017. Effective and Efficient Research and Innovation Partnerships Seminar for
research and policy. The final seminar also includes internal project meetings.

On Tuesday 14 March the initiative organises a seminar for policy and research to discuss how to mobilize expertise and resources for efficient and effective research and innovation partnerships to realize food and nutrition security and sustainable agriculture in Africa and Europe.

The seminar, titled “PROIntensAfrica seminar for research and policy on Effective and Efficient Research and Innovation Partnerships” addressed, among others, the various aspects of the future partnership, alignment with ongoing developments, aligning new partners and the transition to formalised partnership. More information can be found in the Seminar Concept note.

Extract of the programme
Panel discussion with research, extension representatives, farmers organisations on pathways concept and research and innovation agenda (see picture)
Irene Annor Frempong (FARA), Silim Nahdy (afaas), Victor Agyeman (CSIR) and Bernard Mallet (AgenceRecherche)

See here the “Effective and Efficient Research and Innovation Partnerships Seminar” draft programme.

Presentations:


Presentation of the TAAT programme:
The TAAT program is a critical strategy for transforming agriculture on the continent that would ensure that Africa is able to feed itself through agriculture. The goal of the TAAT Program includes eliminating extreme poverty, ending hunger and malnutrition, achieving food sufficiency, and turning Africa into a net food exporter as well as setting Africa in step with global commodity and agricultural value chains.

To carry out these objectives, the African Development Bank (AfDB), working with IITA and other partners, has identified eight priority agricultural value chains relating to rice sufficiency, cassava intensification, Sahelian food security, savannas as breadbaskets, restoring tree plantations, expanding horticulture, increasing wheat production, and expanded fish farming.

The Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa (FARA) and the CGIAR Consortium and 12 of its 15 international agricultural centers active in Africa support this initiative by the Bank and the co-sponsors to revitalize and transform agriculture through the TAAT program within the shortest possible time while restoring degraded land and maintaining or strengthening the ecosystems that underpin agriculture.

Publication:
PROIntensAfrica Case Studies brochure show the diverse situations call for different pathways
  • The PROIntensAfrica project identified four different pathways leading to sustainable intensification. 
  • These pathways demonstrate the richness and variety of options that are open to farmers. Please download the Case Studies brochure here.
  • These four pathways were pre-identified in the initial project proposal (2014). The work carried out in 2015 and 2016 by PROIntensAfrica, in particular in the case studies, has led to a revised and improved typology of the different pathways. An outline of these studies is gathered in this document.
  • The full reports are available in the document archive and the synthesis is provided in the strategy proposal for the future partnership programme, to be published at the end of the project.

Oxford Business Forum Africa 2017

10-11 March 2017. Oxford, UK. The theme of this year’s forum was centred on the African proverb 'Until the lion learns how to write, every story will glorify the hunter’, which debated and discussed that not until Africa takes control of its own design will it ever break through and reignite growth for the next phase of its progress.

Hosted jointly by Saïd Business School and the Oxford Business Network for Africa, the Oxford Business Forum Africa 2017 brought together distinguished leaders from top companies, innovative start-ups, government, and civil society from across Africa with thought leaders, students, and alumni from Oxford University to
discuss business in Africa.

Speakers included:
  • Elsie Kanza, Head of the Africa World Economic Forum
  • Carlos Lopes, Former Executive Secretary of the Economic Commission for Africa
  • James Mwangi, Executive Director of Dalberg Group
  • Ronak Gopaldas, Head of Country Risk at Rand Merchant Bank
  • Khanyi Dhlomo, MD Ndalo Media
  • Amina Mohammed, Kenyan Cabinet Secretary for Foreign Affairs
The Oxford Business Network for Africa is a student led group created to organise and channel the substantial interest in business in Africa amongst Oxford students, alumni and faculty. The group is run by current MBA students at Saïd Business School.

"Maize bears fruits once and dies because it is not rooted into the ground" - African ProverbGeneration Kenya, a McKinsey Social Initiative, explored the impact of youth unemployment. In this session Generation Kenya shared insights from the work they are doing to tackle one of Africa's most pressing challenges, youth unemployment.