Platform for African – European Partnership in Agricultural Research for Development

Monday, October 19, 2020

REPORT: Innovating Adaptation to Climate Change through Agroecology

Innovating Adaptation to Climate Change through Agroecology (October 2020, 15 pages)

Over the course of several months, a broad range of experts, policy makers and practitioners held a series of consultations to explore the contribution of agroecology to innovative and transformative climate change adaptation responses. 

  • This paper is the culmination of this process, which not only sought to develop a common understanding of the role of agroecology to climate change adaptation, but to craft a common language that can help bring together the agriculture and climate change communities.
  • It highlights the potential of agroecological practices to increase resilience and explore different approaches to address climate change vulnerabilities through the lens of food system transformation. As such, it supports the work of the Global Commission on Adaptation and its action track on food security and rural livelihoods.
The consultative process identified the following five key messages: 
  1. To be innovative, adaptation efforts must respond to the systemic challenges posed by climate change to our food systems.
  2. Diverse agricultural systems are less vulnerable to extreme climatic events, climate variability, and cumulative agro-climatic changes.
  3. To strengthen the adaptive capacity of rural livelihoods, it is necessary to pair technological innovations, and improvements in agricultural practices, with investments in social capital, the co-creation of knowledge with farmers, new marketing networks, and the responsible governance of land and natural resources. 
  4. Integrated measurement approaches, such as true cost accounting, are necessary to capture all the factors that contribute to climate-resilient food systems. 
  5. Innovating adaptation to climate change calls for nothing less than transforming our food systems.

The 'Innovating Climate Change Adaptation through Agroecology' series of online events (27-29 May 2020) brought together representatives from organizations focused on development cooperation and adaptation. 

The consultation series was organized by TMG Research, together with the German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ), in support of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development’s efforts to increase the focus on the importance of agroecology to address climate change adaptation needs and food security.
 "Adaptation strategies have to go beyond technological solutions and foster social
innovation, gender equality, and strengthened communities." 
Alexander Müller, Managing Director, TMG Research

Through its call for a large-scale, international mobilisation to strengthen the resilience of small-scale farmers to climate change, the Global Commission for Adaptation Action Track on Food Security and Rural Livelihoods offers a timely opportunity to “road test” these messages. 

VIRTUAL EVENT. MycoKey 2020. Integrated and innovative key actions for mycotoxin management in the food and feed chain.

19-21 October 2020
. MycoKey 2020. Final International Conference on-line. “Integrated and innovative key actions for mycotoxin management in the food and feed chain”

This international Conference was organized together with the 2nd International Forum on Mycotoxins in Animal Production and the participation of MyToolBox project under the umbrella of the International Society for Mycotoxicology (ISM).
  • During the conference, experts and international scientists presented the latest knowledge and researches on mycotoxin management, including the outcomes of the four years EU projects, with special focus on Europe-China dialogue.
  • The conference, aims to be a very important and strategic appointment for all the scientific communities, industries/companies and stakeholders, that operate in the field of the food safety, and it is based on a cross -disciplinary approach, required by the deep evolution of the whole agrifood sector. 
  • The programme of the Conference is strongly oriented towards integrated strategies for mycotoxin minimization worldwide including topics on advances in applied research in food chain , and topics focusing on industrial and networking actions.
Download the programme

19/10 Introduction
  • Antonio F. Logrieco, Italy – The MycoKey Project 
  • Zhang Hao, China: Mycotoxin management for safe food and feed by EU-China cooperation S1 – Challenges in Mycotoxin Analysis in food and feed 
  • Sarah De Saeger, Belgium - WP3 “Mycotoxin Monitoring: main outcome of Mycokey Project”, including Q&A
  • Veronica Lattanzio, Italy – Development, validation and in field application of multiplex dipstick immunoassay for Fusarium toxins detection in cereals 
  • Dandan Kong, China – DNA aptamer based strip tests for multi-mycotoxin analysis
Biodiversity, Fungi Monitoring & Functional Genomics of Toxigenic Fungi 
  • Kris Audenaert, Belgium - WP2 “Monitoring of toxigenic fungi: main outcome from MycoKey Project”
  • Meixin Yang, China Population Genomic Analysis Reveals a Highly Conserved Mitochondrial Genome in Fusarium asiaticum 
  • John F. Leslie, USA – Species Clusters in Fusarium
Voices from food and feed industries 
  • Yuri Lebedin, Russia, XEMA – Immunoassay of Fusarium: update and applications 
  • Ronald Niemeijer, Germany, R-BIOPHARM – Closing the gap: Smartphone based analytical tools for mycotoxin testing 
  • Giulia Rosar, Italy, EUROFINS/TECNA – Eurofins Technologies brings reliable and smart screening solutions to industries for mycotoxins monitoring 
  • Giovanni Galiazzo, Italy, FUTURLAB – Is there available an automatization simple, versatile and reliable for the quantification of toxins on feed and food matrixes? An easier way to get reliable results 
  • David Miller, Canada - An unwanted surprise: genetic changes in the populations of important toxigenic fungi
20/10 Prevention in the field 
  • Susanne Vogelgsang, Switzerland – WP4 “Mycotoxin prevention strategies: main outcomes from the Mycokey project”
  • Dimitrios Drakopoulos, Switzerland - Innovative cropping systems and bio-pesticides to prevent mycotoxins in wheat 
  • Lorenzo Stagnati, Italy - Unravelling the genetic basis of Fusarium resistance in different maize populations 
  • Ranajit Bandyopadhyay, Nigeria – Reducing aflatoxin contamination in several African nations through use of commercial atoxigenic biological control products
Voices from food and feed industries 
  • Lorenzo Serra, Italy, SYNGENTA – AdepidynTM: step change to control a broad range of Fusarium species (To Be Confirmed) 
  • Luca Alinovi, Kenya AFLAZERO LTD – The circular economy solution to aflatoxin: Transforming toxic crops into healthy food and feed 
  • Anneliese Mueller, Austria, BIOMIN, - BIOMIN contribution to mycotoxin risk mitigation 
  • Olga Averkieva, France, ADISSEO – ADISSEO a global leader in animal nutrition – With a comprehensive range of feed additives and services
Food and feed Remediation & Processing 
  • Michelangelo Pascale, Italy – WP6 “Mycotoxin remediation: main outcomes from the Mycokey project”, including Q&A 
  • Vito D’Ascanio, Italy – Development of a new bio-organoclay for mycotoxin decontamination: in vitro and in vivo evidence 
  • Yu-Cai Liao, China - Detoxification of deoxynivalenol in wheat by bacteria and enzymes 
  • Michele Suman, Italy – The Influence of Processing Parameters on the Mitigation of Deoxynivalenol during Industrial Baking  
S6 – Modelling & ICT Solutions 
  • Paola Battilani, Italy - Modelling as useful tool for mycotoxin management in the field
  • Theo van Der Lee, The Netherlands - MycoKey app: an ICT solution to facilitate mitigation of mycotoxin risks
Voices from food and feed industries 
  • Jog Raj, Serbia, PATENT CO - PATENT CO DOO- Company pitch and mycotoxins related activities at PATENT CO. 
  • Virginie Marquis, France, PHILEO-LESAFFRE – Efficacy assessment and protective effect of yeast fractions in reducing the negative impact of mycotoxins in animals. 
  • Marie-Clarisse Techer, France, MIXSCIENCE – Biological detoxification of zearalenone by Bacillus subtilis strains 
  • Gerardo Morantes, Switzerland, BUHLER AG – Advanced grain cleaning solutions for mycotoxin reduction
  • Rudolf Krska, Austria – The impact of integrated management strategies as proposed by MyToolBox to control mycotoxins in the food supply chain 
  • Alessio Bacchielli, Italy - European Commission, Belgium – Green Deal Call: from farm to fork 14:30 Frans Verstraete, Belgium - European Commission, Belgium - EU policy on mycotoxins in feed and food: Update and outlook CONFERENCE CLOSING 
  • Antonio F. Logrieco, Italy, Closing remarks of the Conference INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY FOR MYCOTOXICOLOGY MEETING 
  • General Assembly - ISM Board: Rudolf Krska, Austria, Antonio Moretti, Italy; Sarah De Saeger, Belgium, Antonio F. Logrieco, Italy Communications and future perspectives

Friday, October 16, 2020

BRIEFING NOTE: EU trade policy for sustainable food systems

IPES-Food and ECDPM (2020) EU trade policy for sustainable food systems Francesco Rampa, Olivier
de Schutter, Sean Woolfrey, Nick Jacobs, San Bilal, Jeske van Seters and Emile Frison, joint IPES-Food and ECDPM brief, October 2020, 8 pages

The European Union (EU) has committed to supporting the global transition to more sustainable food systems. As the world’s largest food importer, the EU can use its trade policies and agreements to stimulate and incentivise more sustainable practices by its trade partners. In this brief, authors from the International Panel of Experts on Sustainable Food Systems (IPES-Food) and ECDPM provide specific recommendations on how the EU can do so.

Building on lessons from existing initiatives, the EU should adopt sector-specific regulations and sustainability standards to promote imports of sustainable food, and restrict the import of illegally or unsustainably manufactured products. Further, real change can only be achieved if the EU makes sustainable food systems an explicit objective of its free trade agreements, negotiates relevant sustainability provisions in these agreements and monitors efficiently the impact of these provisions on food systems. At the multilateral level, the World Trade Organization and the upcoming 2021 Food Systems Summit can be good platforms for the EU to build alliances with like-minded countries to push for global trade rules that promote sustainable food systems.

The EU should explore sector-specific cooperation agreements to ensure that imports entering the EU have been legally and sustainably produced (for example, working towards zero deforestation, zero child labour, zero biodiversity loss, carbon neutrality) in line with relevant international commitments and standards, including those deriving from UN human rights treaties and ILO conventions, and adhering to the same level of sustainability requirements as EU producers. In doing so, it should draw lessons from, and build on, the cocoa sustainability standards being developed with Cote d’Ivoire and Ghana, and the broader precedent of Voluntary Partnership Agreements (VPAs) under the Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade (FLEGT) Action Plan. (page 3)

FAO Brussels World Food Day Celebration

16 October 2020
.  In celebration of World Food Day 2020, the FAO Liaison Office in Brussels hosted an online event. This year, World Food Day marks FAO’s 75th anniversary with the theme “Grow, Nourish, Sustain. Together. The actions are our future.” This fully virtual event is organized under the auspices of the European Parliamentary Alliance against Hunger and Malnutrition.
  • Rodrigo de Lapuerta – Director, Liaison Office with the European Union and Belgium, FAO.
  • David Sassoli - the President of the European Parliament
  • Janus Wojciechowski - the European Commissioner for Agriculture, 
  • QU Dongyu - the Director-General FAO
  • Cristelle Pratt in behalf of Georges Rebelo Pinto Chikoti - the Secretary-General, Organisation of African Caribbean and Pacific Group of States (ACP)
  • Alzira Ferreira - the Director, Office to the European Union and Belgium, WFP
In the second part of the event, experts from the field, beneficiaries, industry and resource partners interactively tracing the paths of cocoa beans from tree to shelf while highlighting the sustainability and environmental challenges along the way. 

FAO on social media
* Facebook -
* Instagram -
* LinkedIn -
* TikTok -
* Twitter -
* Weibo -

8/10 Chocolate groups gain ground on bean-to-bar tracing
In the cut-throat world of chocolate, big businesses have kept information on their supply chains close to their chests. But as scrutiny grows of the role of child labour and deforestation in what remains a largely informal industry, and policymakers step up regulation, they are finally making headway in mapping and disclosing their products’ origins.

Interview with Fanny Assata Doumbia, President of the Cocoa Farmers' Cooperative ECAM

Madame Fanny is an inspiring woman who exemplifies Cocoa Life’s principles, including the belief that women are one of the cocoa industry’s most valuable resources.

In Côte d’Ivoire, Madame Fanny Assata Doumbia, who leads the ECAM farmers’ cooperative. ECAM supports farmers with continuing education on agriculture and financial management. Madame Fanny is an inspiring woman who exemplifies Cocoa Life’s principles, including the belief that women are one of the cocoa industry’s most valuable resources.

"There’s a campaign to sensitize men to the changing roles of women. ECAM has participated greatly in this effort. Men are being encouraged to include women in decision-making. In the very beginning, men were resistant. Today, not all men are open to the idea, but the majority understand that including women is the way to go." Madame Fanny Assata Doumbia 

Beyond Chocolate is the Partnership for a sustainable Belgian chocolate industry. Partners in the initiative are working to end deforestation, stimulate education for future generations and provide a living income for cocoa growers. Signatories of the Beyond Chocolate partnership commit to:

By 2025: All chocolate produced and/or sold in Belgium shall comply with a relevant certification standard and/or shall be manufactured from cocoa-based products covered by a corporate sustainability scheme “Beyond Chocolate” partners shall comply with applicable agreements between governments and companies in the regions included in the Cocoa & Forests Initiative

Constituted in April 2016, the European Parliamentary Alliance against Hunger and Malnutrition brings together 25 Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) from different nationalities, political groups and parliamentary committees. Through the Alliance, MEPs are actively contributing to consolidate the political commitment to fight against hunger and malnutrition at the European Union level. The Alliance provides a platform for policy dialogue and awareness raising on the right to adequate food for all, on the eradication of hunger, food insecurity and malnutrition and on making agriculture more sustainable and resilient.

How green innovation can transform African agriculture

7 Oct 2020How green innovation can transform African agriculture.
With the threat of climate change and coronavirus, decentralized renewable energy could be key to building more resilient food systems.

For sub-Saharan Africa, the negative impact of climate change has made thinking about better farming practices more important than ever. Massive shifts in rainfall patterns over the years have forced countries in this region to be net food importers, meaning that the continent imports more food than it exports. According to the African Development Bank (AfDB), Africa spent USD64.5 billion importing food, and this is projected to rise to over USD110 billion by 2025, should there be no interventions. These commodities, which can be produced on the continent, include rice, beef, soybeans, sugar and wheat, among others.

Europe remains Africa’s top agricultural trade partner but the COVID-19 pandemic led to depressed demand due to financial constraints and shifts in spending patterns. In that light, decentralized renewable energy rollout is becoming a central part of building resilience, scaling agriculture and strengthening food productivity in Africa.

However, with growing noise about a green revolution, it isn’t all doom and gloom.

Sunculture - Kenya

Solar powered irrigation allows farmers to unlock existing resources to boost the resilience of their farms that are at the mercy of unpredictable weather patterns. Kenyan-based renewable concern Sunculture operates as a ‘one stop shop’ for clean energy solutions, tailored for smallholder farmers. The company runs a Pay-As-You-Go financing model which lowers financial barriers for renewables ownership.
SunCulture provides smallholder farmers with the technology, financing, and services to make their farms smart and more productive today and into the future.
“It’s in our best interest as a business for our systems to be working so that our customers are earning the income to pay us back,” says Sunculture chief of staff Mikayla Czajkowski.

InspiraFarms - Rwanda

Another innovative company making strides in Rwanda’s renewables market is InspiraFarms. The firm
provides small and growing agro businesses in the developing world with tools, technology and expertise to reduce food losses, energy costs and access higher value markets. One of the reasons farmers do not have access to the cold chain is because they cannot plug into any cooling solution without access to energy. Furthermore, the absence of cold storage and poor transportation are the main drivers of post-harvest losses (PHL).

InspiraFarms then developed off-grid hybrid solutions including solar kits and grid connection in a bid to solve one of the teething issues around bringing the cold chain into the first mile of distribution, particularly close to production points.
“It is very common that the levels of PHL can be higher than 30% as a result of a

combination of factors, but a unifying theme is lack of cold chain infrastructure close enough to harvest points and the time lag in between harvest and first cold chain access. This causes high levels of over-maturation and dehydration, with further impact on quality preventing access to valuable export markets,”
InspiraFarms community and client relations manager Paula Rodriguez

South Africa agrophotovoltaic projects

The fusion of agriculture and solar power can boost sustainable development. Integrating solar power

with agricultural practices can reduce demand for wood energy while creating low carbon economies.
“For example, elevated solar photovoltaic panels are used to shelter crops planted beneath, referred to as agrophotovoltaic projects. This can increase yields while conserving the land space used for solar panels in confined urban spaces” Requier Wait - Senior researcher with the South African-based Institute for Security Studies 
South African farmers now have the opportunity to access reliable solar energy, thanks to a partnership between a renewable concern, Jaguar New Energies, and a Dutch government-supported fund. Set-up costs will be covered by the clean energy fund and this will enable farmers to have access to cheaper, clean energy while making a quicker transition to a reliable and consistent power source. Due to these massive green energy rollouts, South African maize production in 2020 is projected to be more than 30% higher than in previous years.

Tanzanian-based mini grid operator JUMEME Rural Power Supply

Tanzanian-based mini grid operator Jumeme, serves as a model that showcases the broad benefits to local communities of investment in renewable energy and fish farming.

Jumeme runs a pilot project that buys fish from local fishermen, processing and freezing them using its
own renewable power onsite and then selling the fish to distributors across Tanzania. Fishermen have reaped benefits from this green initiative as they now have access to bigger markets with higher prices in turn.
"The use of mini grids could be a solution to farmers’ inability to access pricey solar kits for their farms, especially where farmers are clustered or in reasonable proximity of each other." Jumeme head of sales and marketing Robert Wang’oe 


14 Oct 2020. Call for proposals - Accelerating the green transition and energy access Partnership with Africa!

In September 2020, the European Commission launched a €1 billion call for research and innovation projects that respond to the climate crisis and help protect Europe's unique ecosystems and biodiversity. The Horizon 2020-funded European Green Deal Call will spur Europe's recovery from the coronavirus crisis by turning green challenges into innovation opportunities. More information about this can be found in the press release.

The EU Delegation to the African Union is organising a Webinar on the 26th October to answer questions related to this call. To register for a Webinar, please go here:

Thursday, October 15, 2020

Building More Resilient and Sustainable Food Systems for Improved Global Food Security and Nutrition

15 October 2020. World Food Prize Side Event | Building More Resilient and Sustainable Food Systems for Improved Global Food Security and Nutrition 

Recording of the webinar forthcoming
See the streaming:

Co-hosted by FAO and the Alliance to End Hunger to learn about the actions needed to promote more resilient and sustainable food systems for improved global food security and nutrition.

Five years after the world committed to end hunger, food insecurity and all forms of malnutrition, we are significantly off track to achieve this objective by 2030. If we are to realize these targets before the end of this decade, we need to urgently build far more resilient and sustainable food systems to provide healthy, safe, affordable, sufficient and nutritious food for a rapidly growing planet. We must also ensure and improve soil health, as healthy soils are the basis for healthy food production. This shift will also enable us to better withstand and recover from shocks such as COVID-19, to conserve our finite natural resources and to more effectively mitigate the effects of a changing climate.

Read the speakers bios here:

  • Rob Bertram, Chief Scientist in USAID’s Bureau for Resilience and Food Security
  • Vimlendra Sharan, Director, FAO’s Liaison Office for North America
  • Dr. Rattan Lal, 2020 World Food Prize Laureate and Distinguished University Professor of Soil Science and founding Director of the Carbon Management & Sequestration Center at the Ohio State University
  • Barbara Stinson, President, the World Food Prize Foundation
  • Lawrence Haddad, CEO of GAIN and 2018 World Food Prize Laureate
  • Martin Frick, Deputy to the Special Envoy for the UN Food Systems Summit 2021 at United Nations
  • Máximo Torero, Chief Economist, FAO
  • Rev. David Beckmann, Former President of Bread for the World Institute and 2010 World Food Prize Laureate

WEBINAR: Stepping up government and corporate leadership: towards a landmark deal for biodiversity

13 October 2020. Stepping up government and corporate leadership: towards a landmark deal for biodiversity

To meet the challenge of biodiversity loss and climate change, the world needs a whole-of-society response, and it needs it fast. “You need a sense of urgency. If we are brutally honest, we have to admit that in the general public, the biodiversity crisis does not have the same sense of urgency as the climate crisis or the COVID crisis,” (15:55) cautioned Frans Timmermans, European Commission Executive Vice-President for the Green Deal. “We need to use all our efforts to increase the sense of urgency.” Ideas generated in the debate included: overhauling farm and trade policy to promote biodiversity; labelling rules that allow consumers to choose biodiversity-friendly products; expanding the range of plant and animal varieties used in agriculture.

Highlights of the session included:

8:44 – Climate-smart and biodiversity-smart policies also have to drive jobs and growth; the fiscal debt we’re leaving for the future cannot be accompanied by an environmental debt (Inger Andersen, Executive Director of the United Nations Environment Programme)

13:59 – Friends of Europe’s #EuropeMatters citizens’ poll shows 49% of Europeans want the EU to prioritise the environment and a sustainable future. (Dharmendra Kanani, Director of Insights at Friends of Europe)

25:59 – business leaders understand the threats from biodiversity loss, especially in agriculture, and are working to address issues such as soil fertility, product diversity (Emmanuel Faber, Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer of Danone)


15 October 2020.
Third day CFS High-Level Special Event on Global Governance of Food Security and Nutrition: FOOD SYSTEMS TRANSFORMATION

Part 1: Opening and Welcome (5 mins)
  • Moderator: Corinna Hawkes, Director, Centre for Food Policy, City University of London
  • Thanawat Tiensin, CFS Chairperson
  • International Day of Rural Women tribute by Dali Nolasco Cruz, Slow Food, Mexico
Part 2: Setting the Scene (10 mins)
  • Amina Mohammed, UN Deputy Secretary General - Keynote address on rethinking the governance of food systems to achieve SDG 2
Part 3: Rapid Fire Interventions: Responses to the keynote address, focusing on strategies to drive food systems transformation at scale. (15 mins)
  • H.E. Josefa Leonel Correia Sacko, Commissioner, Agriculture and Rural Economy, African Union
  • H.E. Jutta Urpilainen, Commissioner for International Partnerships, European Union
Part 4: Panel Discussion: Contribution of the two ongoing CFS policy processes towards sustainable food systems (60 mins).
  • H.E. Julia Klöckner, Federal Minister for Food and Agriculture, Germany
  • H.E. Mariam Al Mehairi, Minister for Food and Water Security, United Arab Emirates
  • H.E. Limber Cruz, Minister for Agriculture, Dominican Republic
  • Carlos Manuel Rodriguez, CEO, Global Environment Facility
  • Patrick Webb, Technical Advisor, Global Panel on Agriculture and Food Systems for Nutrition (GLOPAN)
  • Robert Saik, CEO AGvisorPRO, Canada and CFS Private Sector Mechanism (PSM) Representative
  • Shalmali Guttal, Executive Director, Focus on the Global South and CFS Civil Society and Indigenous Peoples’ Mechanism (CSM) representative
Part 5: Audience Interactive Question & Answer Session (60 mins)

Part 6: CFS and the 2021 Food Systems Summit (20 mins)
  • Henrietta Fore, Executive Director, UNICEF
  • Michael Fakhri, Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food
  • Agnes Kalibata, UN Food Systems Summit Special Envoy

WEBINAR: Boosting rural job creation and economic growth

13 October 2020Boosting rural job creation and economic growth . LEAP4FNSSA webinar.

On the occasion of the EU’s recent Communication ‘Towards a Comprehensive Strategy with Africa’ and the AU-EU Summit (initially planned for 24-26 October 2020 - but cancelled and postponed to 2021), the LEAP4FNSSA project organised a webinar on how science and innovation partnerships in FNSSA (Food and Nutrition Security and Sustainable Agriculture) can significantly contribute to the creation of rural jobs and sustainable economic growth.
  • Recent strategic policies from both Africa and Europe underline the important role of research, innovation and higher education for economic growth and job creation. R&I can be a motor for sustainable transformation. But the potential is often not fully realized, due to limited scope, fragmentation and working in silos.
  • The webinar discusses how cooperation between continents and actors can catalyze the effects on economic growth, agricultural markets, job creation and food businesses.
Speakers: (webinar recording forthcoming)
  • Daan du Toit | Deputy Director-General, International Cooperation and Resources at South African Department of Science and Innovation (DSI) - Boost African Economy by Partnering with Europe – a closer look on the Comprehensive Strategy for Africa and a call for joint programming in the field of R&I
  • Nienke Buisman | European Commission RTD; Head of Unit International Cooperation - More impact by joining forces – the role of the EU-AU R&I partnership
  • Vincent Castel | African Development Bank’s manager overseeing agriculture in North Africa - Investing in the future – how financial institution can join hands with funders of R&I to foster economy and job creation
  • Edouard Lehmann | Research & Innovation Manager COLEACP - Transforming the economy – the collaboration with R&I initiatives and the role of multi actor platforms. (Private Sector)
Upcoming event:
28-29 October 2020.
LEAP4FNSSA West Africa Workshop
The Workshop “Dialogue for action and Brokerage in West Africa” will take place virtually on 28th -29th of October 2020.

This event will be promoted and organized by KEF and GO AFRICA, in close collaboration with CIHEAM-IAMB, BLE, DLR, KINNO and CSIR-GH.

Strengthening Europe-Africa partnership on Food and Nutrition Security and Sustainable Agriculture (FNSSA) and linking small businesses to existing research and innovation hubs, to test solutions with research funding opportunities and to fuel innovation, are the main objectives of the event.

The event will be divided in four thematic sessions and will involve farmers’ associations, research institutions, donors and policy makers. Special attention will be dedicated to 25 young innovators (previously selected through a specific “call for innovative ideas” carrying their solutions to mitigate the socio-economic and environmental impacts of pandemics on FNSSA.

21 April 2020. LEAP4FNSSA webinar. Empowering the community through Inclusiveness and engagement in the Food and Nutrition Security, and Sustainable Agriculture Sector | webinar A reflection on the report “Empowering youth to engage in responsible investment in agriculture and food systems”.

Additional resources and background
  • PRIORITIES FOR AFRICA’S FOOD AND NUTRITION SECURITY POST-COVID-19. A contribution from the Task Force Rural Africa (TFRA) to the AU-EU Summit, October 2020. August 2020 English (415.9 KB - PDF), 15 pages
  • The European Green Deal (EGD) has an important agri-food and rural economy dimension, through its Farm-to-Fork (F2F) Strategy, Biodiversity Strategy and the next reform of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP). Food and nutrition security has become of such fundamental political, economic and social importance that it must be at the centre of all future policy and planning.
  • The development of the ‘NATURAFRICA’ concept, proposed by the EU Commission, aims to consolidate the biodiversity in large landscapes in Africa, through the promotion of the ‘Green Economy’ with a high degree of inclusiveness with the local communities.
This year was supposed to be crucial for Africa-Europe relations, culminating in the sixth AU-EU Summit, scheduled for 28 and 29 October in Brussels. But then COVID-19 happened. After a long palaver, a decision was finally taken: the summit will be postponed to 2021, although a date still needs to be fixed. (ECDPM 14/09: The AU-EU Summit didn’t prove immune to COVID-19 – but that may be a blessing in disguise)

29 September 2020. Informal meeting of development ministers.
Within the framework of the German EU Council Presidency, Federal Minister for Economic Cooperation and Development Gerd Müller, together with the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy Josep Borrell, hosted an informal meeting of EU Development Ministers on 29 September. One important topic will be the EU’s future relations with the neighbouring continent - Africa. The meeting will also serve to prepare the Formal Meeting of EU Development Ministers in November. Due to the current COVID-19 pandemic, the meeting will take place virtually.

WEBINAR: Sustainable Brewing & Drinks in Africa

15 October 2020.
 The AFMASS Food Expo Sustainable Brewing & Drinks in Africa webinar will delve into how the alcoholic and soft beverages sector in Africa has been impacted by the Covid-19 pandemic and the future outlook of the industry, including in the following key areas:
  • Operations & Trade Outlookthe future outlook of the alcoholic and soft beverage sector in Africa; and how the pandemic has and will impact local,
    regional and international trade.
  • Technology & Innovations Outlook: some of the latest technologies and innovations that alcoholic and soft beverage companies in Africa can adopt to mitigate the risks brought by the pandemic now and into the future to improve nutritional profile of their products while enhancing efficiency and profitability of their operations.
  • Sustainability Outlook: ideas, technologies and practices that can boost sustainability throughout the supply chain in the alcoholic and soft beverage industry in
    Africa during and post Covid-19
  • Investments Outlook: the possible impacts of the Covid-19 on the investments environment in the brewing and drinks industry in Africa; and possible strategies to attract investments and financing into the industry during the pandemic and beyond.
  • Regulatory Outlook: the guidelines and regulations that the alcoholic and soft beverage industry may institute to improve personnel safety, consumer health and the industry’s sustainability for the future.
  • NITIN MENON Group General Manager – Sayona Fruits, Tanzania 
  • APIWE NXUSANI-MAWELA Founder & BrewMaster – Brewsters Craft, South Africa 
  • ALEX CHAPPATTE Founder – Savannah BrandsKenya 
    When she arrived in Kenya two and a half years ago, she felt there was a gap in quality local beverage products in the alcohol space. She launched Kenyan Originals to address this gap.
  • DUNCAN KIMANI Director of Manufacturing – Coca-Cola Beverages Africa, Ethiopia 
  • OLADAPO O. LOTO Brewing, Beverages & Distilling Consultant – Applied Brewing Solutions, Nigeria 
  • ENAUT ANDERSON Sales Director, Africa – Global Water & Energy (Senegal/Belgium)

VIRTUAL EVENT: EC/FOOD2030 high-level event on World Food Day

16 October 2020. FOOD2030 high-level event on World Food Day

FOOD 2030 hosted this high-level event on World Food Day, in partnership with the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations, and the German EU presidency. The title of the event was “FOOD 2030 – Transforming food systems through Research & Innovation”. 

It brought together researchers, innovators, policy makers, actors, stakeholders and civil society for a participatory discussion on the transition to sustainable food systems and, in particular, on the key role of research and innovation therein.

The European Commission has launched its Research & Innovation (R&I) policy framework FOOD2030 in 2016 as a systemic approach to tackling challenges related to our food and nutrition with R&I policies designed to make food systems more sustainable, resilient, diverse and competitive, and to bring them back in a safe and just operating space. It aims to do so by providing solutions to four overarching priorities: Nutrition for sustainable and healthy diets; Climate-smart and environmentally sustainable food systems; Circular and resource efficient food systems; Food systems innovation and empowering communities.

  • Moderator: Jennifer BAKER
  • John BELL (European Commission, DG Research & Innovation, Director Healthy Planet)
  • Rodrigo DE LAPUERTA MONTOYA (FAO, Director Liaison Office with the European Union and Belgium)
  • Anja KARLICZEK (German Federal Minister of Education and Research)
Food System Transformation in Action
  • Discussing food system transformation with John BELL
Testimonials from young researchers and innovators:
  • Daria WOHLT (Team Member of ByProFood)
  • Lucrecia BELLIDO (Members of the Team for H2Grow)
  • Philipp MERK & Adrian KAPSALIS (Founders of Loewi)

Keynote: How Can R&I Accelerate the Ongoing Food Systems Transformation Towards Sustainability?
  • Prof. Dr. Joachim VON BRAUN (Director of the Department of Economic and Technological Change at the Center of Development Research at Bonn University, Chair of the Scientific Group for the UN Food System Summit)
Panel Debate
  • Nathalie CHAZE (European Commission, DG Health and Food Safety, Director Food sustainability, international relations)
  • Martin FRICK (Deputy to the Special Envoy for the UN Food Systems Summit 2021 at United Nations)
  • Diane HOLDORF (World Business Council for Sustainable Development, Managing Director Food & Nature)
  • Emma CHOW (Ellen MacArthur Foundation, Lead Food Initiative)
  • Irène TOLLERET (Member of the European Parliament, co-chair of the Wine, Spirits and quality Foodstuffs Intergroup and co-founder of the European Food Forum)
Closing Remarks

Mariya GABRIEL (EU Commissioner for Innovation, Research, Culture, Education and Youth)
John BELL (European Commission, DG Research & Innovation, Director Healthy Planet)


WEBINAR: scaling low-carbon agriculture and agribusiness practices

14 October 2020.
Carbon Revenues from Climate Impacts Reduction in Agriculture and Agribusiness

Agriculture accounts for 14 % of GHG emissions. Emissions from soil exposure and use of natural or synthetic fertilizers and wastes also add up. But emissions reduction could earn business revenues. So how can scaling low-carbon agriculture practices raise business bottom-line? 
  • Prof. Kumar Vijay Indian Institute of Tech, New Delhi 
  • Solape Hammond SA (SDGs), Lagos State, Nigeria  
  • Jan Willem Van Es Amelia AgroAfrica, Uganda 
  • Kola Masha CEO, Babban Gona Ayodeji Balogun CEO, AFEX Commodities 
  • Gregory Ohiaeri COO, EarthCare  
  • Samuel Forson Okomu Oil Palm Plc 
  • Innocent Azih COO, Eko Carbon Exchange

WEBINAR: Unlocking scale in Africa’s agriculture and food systems

14 October 2020. Unlocking scale in Africa’s agriculture and food systems, for resilient and rapid recovery to climate and pandemic impacts. Synchronizing strategic government development flagships with impact investor priorities.

Video and presentation forthcoming

This side session to the World Food Prize’s annual Borlaug Dialogues - connected insights from government leaders and advisors, development finance institutions, with agribusiness, investor and sovereign wealth/pension fund perspectives. 

This session shared insights from key role players in African agriculture, including public, private and civil society, and explore ways to unlock scale in recovery and rebuilding efforts for long term African agricultural growth and resilience to climate and disease impacts. 

The objective was to identify key impediments and explore what is needed to accelerate direct investment in large agriculture and food ‘flagship’ and ‘greenfield’ projects, that can generate economic growth, improve local and regional food security and jobs, and provide export opportunities. 
  • Identify key impediments to scale and rapidity on both sides, and explore what additional information and actions are needed to unblock these. 
  • Make clear the information and enablers that private investors and value-chain actors need from governments to make an investment commitment in these types of investment. 
  • Understand stakeholder priorities for large-scale investment projects in the agriculture and food sector, and what governments can do to accelerate private-sector investment into these large projects. 
The panel discussed governments’ expectations and experience in trying to attract investment in their country’s agriculture sector, as well as lessons on the opportunities and challenges to investment in African agriculture.
  • Ms. Katrin Glatzel, Director Policy Innovation, Akademiya2063 
  • Mr. Lloyd Le Page, Senior Adviser for Agriculture and Food Investment, Tony Blair Institute for Global Change 
  • Mr Ousmane Badiane, Distinguished Fellow of the African Association of Agricultural

    AKADEMIYA2063 was established to continue and expand the portfolio of policy research and capacity strengthening support for the implementation of the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) which was initiated and incubated by the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) over the past 15 years.

  • Mr. Ibrahim Gourouza-Magagi, Chief Operating Officer, GrowAfrica. 
  • Ms. Atsuko Toda Director, Agricultural Finance and Rural Infrastructure Development Department, African Dev’t Bank. 
  • Mr. Hubert Danso, Chairman, AU Continental Business Network (CBN), CEO Africa investor (Ai), Chairman: AiSWPFF 
  • Mr. Bill Kayonga, Independent Consultant, Former CEO NAEB, MINAGRI Rwanda, Former Kenya 
  • Mr Michael Strain, Partner, Clyde & Co Law Firm, UK and Tanzania 
  • Mr Elad Levi, Vice President, Head of Middle East & Africa, Netafim 
  • Mr. Jonathan Said, Head of Inclusive Economic Growth for Africa, Tony Blair Institute for Global Change

Upcoming: 3 - 5 November 2020Virtual 2020 ReSAKSS Annual Conference

AKADEMIYA2063, in partnership with AUC, is convening a virtual 2020 ReSAKSS Annual Conference to promote review and dialogue on the role of public policies in ensuring sustainable and resilient agrifood systems and their transformation in Africa. The conference will take place virtually on 3–5 November 2020 under the theme of “Sustaining Africa’s Agrifood System Transformation: The Role of Public Policies.”
  • AKADEMIYA2063 has developed a broad data, analytics and communications agenda on the impacts of and responses to the COVID-19 pandemic among African countries.
  • The knowledge products are housed and disseminated via AKADEMIYA2063’s online COVID-19 portal. The portal will be updated regularly with publications and resources, including all briefs and bulletins and recordings of webinars and podcasts.


8 October 2020. Production Systems Disruption: The Case of Millet in Six Western African Countries

1 October 2020. Trade in Time of Crisis: Domestic Market Disruption and Role of Transborder Trade

24 September 2020. Policies for Rapidly Transforming Agriculture and Food Systems - AKADEMIYA2063 LAUNCH 

Wednesday, October 14, 2020

REPORTS: CFS Working Group of the Civil Society and Indigenous Peoples’ Mechanism (CSM)

14 October 2020
. Second day CFS High-Level Special Event on Global Governance of Food Security and Nutrition: COVID-19 AND ITS IMPACTS ON GLOBAL FOOD SECURITY AND NUTRITION

CFS Civil Society and Indigenous Peoples’ Mechanism (CSM) 

Contribution of 3 in depth reports by André Luzzi, CFS Civil Society and Indigenous Peoples’ Mechanism (CSM) representative, Habitat International Coalition, Brasil

CSM 2020. Voices from the Ground from COVID-19 to Radical Transformation of our Food Systems. 11 October 2020. 70 pages.

  • This report is a comprehensive analysis on grassroots experience of impacts of COVID-19, assessment of the policy measures and examples of innovative responses from communities. 
  • It provides an incisive analysis on the urgent responses that the CFS must to take to address COVID-19 crisis. All from the experience and expertise of the peoples’ most affected. 
  • Collective contributions were provided by: CSM constituencies and sub-regions. 
  • Inputs were made by a number of organizations and networks including: Aardeboerconsument, ARWC, Biowatch, CFFACAPE, COODDEFFAGOLF, COPROFAM, ECVC, El Poder del Consumidor, FIAN, ETC Group, FOEI, IFOAM, Focus on the Global South, HIC, ICFS, IITC, IUF, LVC, Oxfam, PROPAC, Redsan-CPLP, Rikkolto, ROPPA, Schola Campesina, Terra Nuova, Solawi, Urgenci, WFFP

Short policy report 

    CSM Youth Working Group (2020) The CSM Youth Demands for a Radical Transformation of Our Food Systems  11 October 2020, 11pages

    Add caption

    • This Declaration brings together an analysis of the impact of COVID-19 and the responses of governments on youth, with a youth vision for transforming food systems, and concrete steps for doing so. 
    • This Declaration, prepared by the CSM Youth Working Group, is the outcome of a participatory process of sharing experiences, struggles, visions and solutions. 
    • The youths engaged in this process represent perspectives from all CSM constituencies: smallholder producers, urban food insecure, consumers, young women, men and non-binary youths, food and agriculture workers including migrant and seasonal workers, pastoralist youths, Indigenous Peoples, fisherfolk, hunters and gatherers, and students. 
    • They are based in India, Mozambique, Australia, Canada, Norway, the Netherlands, Brazil, Puerto Rico, South Africa, Argentina, Kenya, and the United States.

    CSM Women’s Working Group (2020) Gender, COVID-19 and Food Systems:impacts, community

    responses and feminist policy demands.  11 October 2020, 34 pages

    • This publication is a report of the Women’s Working Group of the Civil Society and Indigenous Peoples’ Mechanism (CSM) and summarizes research around the impacts of the COVID-19 crisis on women in and across the constituencies and regions of the CSM. 
    • From a feminist perspective, the COVID-19 crisis is a global care crisis, where states and governments have failed to prioritize people’s interests, while (transnational) corporations are increasingly capturing and dismantling the public commons to impose their own private interest. 
    • Based on the research, the report summarizes acts of mutual aid and solidarity, as well as negative impacts experienced by women around the world. 

    Private sector activities, commitments, and issues related to COVID-19 and a position paper on key actions needed

    Contribution by Diane Holdorf, Managing Director, Food and Nature, World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD), and CFS Private Sector Mechanism (PSM) representative,  based in Geneva, Switzerland,
    "These are difficult times to grow, process and retail food. Private sector is working very hard to keep food in people's hands."

    WBCSD (2020) Protecting nutrition security amid COVID-19. 26 June 2020. 4 pages
    • This Knowledge Summary identifies critical issues for business response: (i) Provide social protection and life-saving services ; (ii) Sustain the production, trade, retail and consumption of nutritious foods ; (iii) Support small and medium enterprises (SMEs) ; (iv) Take an integrated systems approach to building back better
    • Companies, governments, development partners and civil society have unique, critical roles to mitigate negative short-term impacts and advance collective efforts to build back better.
    • This summary sets out the key areas and imperative for business response with recommendations for responsible, effective and collective action.

    Tuesday, October 13, 2020

    WEBINAR: Youth entrepreneurship in farm value chains and rural development

    7 October 2020. Opening new business doors for ag transformation: Youth entrepreneurship in farm value chains and rural development Co-Organized by IFPRI and the Syngenta Foundation for Sustainable Agriculture (SFSA) 

    As entrepreneurs, young people can play a major role in the transformation of agriculture. In developing countries, too few of them currently get the chance. But numerous governments are now creating entrepreneurial agribusiness opportunities through new programs and policies. The private sector, investors and non-profit organizations are also closely involved. Big questions remain to be answered, however. How can the necessary business environment best be strengthened? How can multi-stakeholder initiatives most benefit young people? What is required for sustainable success? This webinar will look at key issues. We’ll be pointing to opportunities, but also examining the constraints and challenges to agri-enterprises in developing countries. 

    Presenters highlighted key drivers and discuss how governments, non-profits and companies can best strengthen youth entrepreneurship in the agricultural value chain. And as one starting point, the findings of a recent study in Nigeria were presented. 
    • Opening Remarks Simon Winter, Executive Director, Syngenta Foundation for Sustainable Agriculture (SFSA) 
    • Suresh Babu, Senior Research Fellow, IFPRI 
    • Olubunmi Aderinsola Agbato, Chief Executive Officer, Bspice Products and Services Limited, Nigeria -Mohammad Reza Ahmed Khan, Senior Agricultural Marketing Officer, Department of Agricultural Marketing (DAM), Bangladesh 
    • Rajendra Jog, CEO, Agri Entrepreneur Growth Foundation (AEGF), India -Patrice Mirindi, Entrepreneur Support Associate, Anzisha Prize 
    • Yuan Zhou, Head of Agricultural Policy and China Program, Syngenta Foundation for Sustainble Agriculture (SFSA) Moderator -Nandita Srivastava, Research Analyst, IFPRI

    VIRTUAL EVENT: CFS High-Level Special Event

    Video recording forthcoming

    This CFS High-Level Special Event seeks to keep food security and nutrition front and center on the global sustainable development agenda. 

    During its three plenary sessions (one per day), the discussions will: 
    1. Take stock of the global food security situation guided by the State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World (SOFI) 2020 report and the CFS High-Level Panel of Experts (HLPE) report on Building a Global Narrative towards 2030; 
    2. Reflect on the impacts of COVID-19 on global food security and nutrition and efforts needed to “build back better” using the HLPE issues paper on Impacts of COVID-19 on Food Security and Nutrition: Developing Effective Policy Responses to Address the Hunger and Malnutrition Pandemic; and 
    3. Discuss the draft CFS Voluntary Guidelines on Food Systems and Nutrition and the draft CFS Policy Recommendations on Agroecological and Other Innovative Approaches, and consider their relevance to the objectives of the UN Food Systems Summit. 

    PLENARY 1 Overview of the Global Food Security and Nutrition Situation
    Both the SOFI 2020 Report and the CFS High Level Panel of Experts (HLPE) report on Building a Global Narrative towards 2030 recognize the need to transform food systems to achieve the SDGs.

    Part 1: Opening Ceremony
    Welcome remarks and event overview by Thanawat Tiensin, CFS Chairperson 
    Framing remarks by Heads of the Rome-based Agencies on their role in global food security and nutrition and their collaborative commitment to CFS » 
    • Qu Dongyu, Director-General, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) » 
    • Gilbert Houngbo, President, International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) » 
    • David Beasley, Executive Director, World Food Programme (WFP)
    Part 2: Setting the Scene: Evidence and Science
    • CFS High-Level Panel of Experts’ report on “Building a Global Narrative Towards 2030 by Jennifer Clapp, Team Leader CFS HLPE Steering Committee 
    •  State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2020  SOFI 2020 Report presentation by Máximo Torero, Chief Economist, FAO 
    •  Cost of achieving SDG-2 targets by 2030. Presentation of Ceres2030 project by Carin Smaller, Director, Agriculture, Trade and Investment International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) 
    • Research at the heart of transformation by Kundhavi Kadiresan, Managing Director, Global Engagement and Innovation, CGIAR

    Resources (1):

    HLPE. 2020. Food security and nutrition: building a global narrative towards 2030. A report by the High Level Panel of Experts on Food Security and Nutrition of the Committee on World Food Security, Rome. 112 pages

    Impacts of COVID-19 on food security and nutrition: developing effective policy responses to address the hunger and malnutrition pandemic HLPE issues paper. Committee on World Food Security High Level Panel of Experts on Food Security and Nutrition Rome, September 2020, 24 pages.

    PARTNER EVENT 3 Title: Connecting Agroecological and Integrated Policies in Times of Crisis
    Organizers: • Senegal • Switzerland • Secretaria de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales, Mexico • German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development • IFOAM-Organics International • Biovision Foundation for Ecological Development

    Video recording forthcoming

    The main purpose of this partner event was to showcase such good policy practices, illustrating the key role of policymakers as agents of change when it comes to the long-term and resilient transformation of food and agricultural systems. Our goal is to connect these efforts through the Food Policy Forum for Change in order to increase learning between policymakers, as well as enriching the discussion on the role and instruments for country-level action to deliver food security and nutrition. 

    • a deeper understanding of existing approaches and instruments to operationalise agroecological elements at the policy level,
    • exchange of practical knowledge on agroecological policies (e.g. identification of barriers and success factors),
    • connecting existing frameworks available for supporting the policy for agroecological and food systems transformation,
    • increased awareness of the need for redesigning our current food and socioeconomic systems to include resilience on a long term by applying agroecological principles in policymaking.
    • Moderated by Frank Eyhorn, Executive Director of Biovision, the speakers and panelists are:
    • Dr. Maria Tekülve, Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development, Germany
    • Pio Wennubst, Permanent Representative, of Switzerland to FAO/IFAD/WFP
    • Dr. Papa Abdoulaye Seck, Permanent Representative of the Republic of Senegal to FAO/IFAD/WFP
    • Dr. Vijay Kumar, Head of Department of Natural Farming, Andhra Pradesh, India
    • Emma Siliprandi, FAO Scaling Up Agroecology Initiative Team Leader
    • Louise Luttikholt, Executive Director, IFOAM – Organics International

    Resources (2):

    Biovision/ Foundation and Future Farming (2020) Transformation of our food systems – the making of a paradigm shift, September 2020. 182 pages
    • This book is an overall assessment on what has been achieved in the past 10 years in the global food system
    • The book’s 40 authors (including Hans R. Herren (former co-president of the IAASTD), Benny Haerlin (food and farming activist and NGO-representative in the IAASTD bureau), each experts in their field, take stock of the first decade after publication of the UN and World Bank led International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Science and Technology for Development (IAASTD). 
    • They review key global developments in agriculture and nutrition and the course of discussions about our food systems as reflected in major international reports and UN agreements between 2009 and 2019. 
    • An advisory Group of former IAASTD authors identified eight key messages they draw from the evidence.
    CIDSE (2020). FINANCE FOR AGROECOLOGY: MORE JUST THAN A DREAM? An assessment of European and international institutions’ contributions to food system transformation. CIDSE Policy
    Briefing, September 2020, 12 pages
    • This briefing is based on the research of a background report developed by CIDSE and Nina Moeller at the Centre for Agroecology, Water and Resilience (CAWR) of Coventry University.
    • As prominent public investors, the Green Climate Fund (GCF), the European Union (EU), European countries (EU Member States and others), the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) and the World Food Programme (WFP) have the potential to play a big role in supporting the transformation of our food systems.
    Académie d'Agriculture de France. (November 2020): COVID-19 et agriculture - Une opportunité pour la transition agricole et alimentaire ? 358 pages
    • Marie de Lattre-Gasquet (CIRAD) cosigne avec Jacques Brulhet, Michel Dron, Jean-Louis Rastoin et Papa Abdoulaye Seck le chapitre "Crise du Covid-19 et sécurité alimentaire en Afrique" 

    Alonso-Fradejas, A. et al (2020) ‘Junk Agroecology’: The corporate capture of agroecology for a partial ecological transition without social justice. ATI, TNI, Crocevia. Published by: Friends of the Earth International, Transnational Institute and Crocevia. All rights reserved © 2020 Friends of
    the Earth International, Transnational Institute and Crocevia. 34 pages
    • This report was published in April 2020 as part of the ‘Who Benefits?’ series, with financial support from Bread for the World (Brot für die Welt). 
    • The opinions and views expressed herein are the sole responsibility of Friends of the Earth International, Transnational Institute and Crocevia. 
    CFS (2019). Agroecological and other innovative approaches for sustainable agriculture and food systems that enhance food security and nutrition. A report by The High Level Panel of Experts on Food Security and Nutrition July 2019, 163 pages