Platform for African – European Partnership in Agricultural Research for Development

Saturday, September 30, 2017

Analytical Review of African Agribusiness Competitiveness

19 September 2017. Washington, D.C. Strategic investments can help unlock potential for agribusiness growth in African nations with low agribusiness competitiveness, food security and agricultural productivity, according to recent analysis on African agribusiness competitiveness by Dr. Suresh Babu, head, capacity strengthening, at the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).

“African countries have a very high potential to transform their agricultural sector by increasing the
competitiveness of their agribusiness,” said Babu, lead author of the study. “Competitiveness in agribusiness has a feedback effect that helps in sustaining food security and increasing agricultural productivity.”

High competitiveness can bring cost-effective goods to consumers while opening new pathways for value chain addition for farmers. “Agribusiness competitiveness hasn’t received adequate attention so far because countries have been struggling to improve agricultural productivity. But if you take your product outside Africa, you achieve both geographic and business competitiveness,” Babu added.

To enhance agribusiness competitiveness, countries should identify successful models of public-private partnerships (PPP) and business to business (B2B) alliances to raise value chain competitiveness and scale, in addition to encouraging entrepreneurship, access to capital and building stronger market linkages.

Rwanda and Kenya rank “high” on the agribusiness competitiveness and agricultural productivity scales, but “low” on food security, highlighting how policies in these countries have failed to utilize gains from trade to deliver food security to their populations. “Despite tremendous progress improving food security in Rwanda and Kenya, both countries need stronger policy interventions to improve the allocation of resources and improve general welfare,” said Babu.

Seven countries – Guinea, Niger, Burkina Faso, Burundi, DRC, Nigeria, Togo -- rank “low” on food security and agribusiness competitiveness, while South Africa ranks “high” on both parameters.

Countries such as Botswana, Tunisia, Ghana, Uganda and Algeria, which rank “medium” on food security and agribusiness competitiveness, hold immense potential to improve their competitiveness.

Read the full report here:

Knowledge Management in Food, Nutrition Security and Sustainable Agriculture

26-27 September 2017. Lleida, Spain. Knowledge Management and Communication in Food Security and Agriculture discussed in Spain at the occasion of the Plant Inter Cluster meeting. Organised by Caast-net plus.

Representatives from research centres, farmer organisations, agricultural companies, universities, start ups and small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) attended the fourth CAAST-Net Plus workshop on the Knowledge Management and Communication and Communication System (KMCS) Initiative.

The workshop brought together key stakeholders who are key in establishing a KMCS, The workshop is part of a series of consultations on the KMCS Initiative. It further aimed to:
  • Highlight cases of existing portals and actors in Africa and Europe in the field of FNSSA (Food, Nutrition Security and Sustainable Agriculture);
  • Identify the methodological/technical needs for a joint Africa-EU KMCS;
  • Identify communication gaps between existing portals and amongst actors of the FNSSA value chains;
  • Identify best practice methods and principals for knowledge sharing and communication strategies for
  • research uptake; and,
  • Explore tangible long-term options for the implementation of a joint Africa-EU KMCS.
Previous consultations took place in South Africa, Namibia and Egypt between 2016 and 2017. Findings from the consultations will be encapsulated into a blueprint which will be presented in October 2017 to African and European policymakers, including the Bureau of the EU-Africa High Level Policy Dialogue, the European Commission and the African Union Commission.
Keynote presentation: 
Dr Joan Girona, Institute of Agrifood Research and Technology (IRTA, Spain), "Food Security, Self-Sufficiency and Sustainable Agriculture in a Changing World"

28-29 September 2017Plant Inter Cluster meeting. The PIC Meeting is the most important event in the plant production industry organized annually in Europe. This event aimed to foster knowledge in the plant field, creating a common strategy to ease the international development of clusters and its members.

The Networking event targeted a wide spectrum of companies, clusters, universities, research centers and end users, from Europe and South America related to plant production.

ITU and FAO team up to promote ICT-driven innovation in agriculture

21 September 2017. New York. The International Telecommunications Union (ITU) and the United Nations Food and Agriuclture Organization (FAO) signed a memorandum of understanding to promote ICT-driven innovation in agriculture. The two institutions will in this framework team up to facilitate the development of measures and regulations related to e-agriculture. The final objective of the partnership is to boost national and regional competitiveness of all countries, the poorest especially.
“ICT have a tremendous potential to support rural development, improve rural households’ resiliency, improve farmers’ access to markets and other services, make women and youth more autonomous. They will help insure that rural populations are not left out”. Director General of FAO, José Graziani da Silva
Truly, with ICT tools, mobile phones included, rural populations can abandon archaic farming methods which they inherited from their customs and traditions, and improve their production and subsequently their revenues. They will be able to identify the best agricultural inputs and sales outlets, access weather data to determine the best periods to plant and harvest, use the best agricultural practices to improve yields, etc.

According to FAO, improving agricultural output with ICT falls in line with the sustainable development goals of its 2030 agenda, to end poverty and hunger, among others.

Workshop 9-11 October 2017, Rhenen, Netherlands. Perspectives for ICT and Agribusiness in ACP countries: Start-up financing, 3D printing and blockchain. The workshop is organised by the Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation, as part of its ICT for agriculture (ICT4Ag) and youth in agriculture activities. The objective of the workshop is thus to examine strategies to address the challenges and opportunities presented by the blockchain and 3D Printing technologies in the agricultural sector, and for financing e-agriculture start-ups in Africa, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries. The specific objectives are to:
  • Identify key issues and avenues relating to improving access to capital and profitability for ICT4Ag businesses owned by young entrepreneurs;
  • Develop a better understanding of the relevance and perspectives of 3D Printing and blockchain technologies for the ACP agricultural sector;
  • Develop recommendations which will favour the design of strategic actions to address issues discussed.
Download the concept note of the workshop

The African Forest Landscape Restoration Initiative: AFR100

26-28 September 2017. Niamey, Niger. 2nd Annual Partnership Meeting AFR100. The African Forest Landscape Restoration Initiative – known as AFR100 - is an unprecedented collaborative effort led by 24 African countries to restore 100 million hectares of land by 2030. After its successful first Regional Conference in Addis-Ababa (Ethiopia) in October 2016, the second AFR100 Annual Partner Meeting was held.

In addition to bringing all participating partners and countries together on an annual basis to put in face time and ensure that progress is being made, the conference served as a platform for countries to share accomplishments such as Niger’s as well as challenges and hurdles, so that lessons learned in one rural community can reach others that might benefit from the knowledge.

The African Forest Landscape Initiative, known as AFR100, is an ambitious practice in the latter. Launched at the Global Landscapes Forum 2015 in Paris alongside the COP21, iIts target is to bring 100 million hectares of degraded and deforested land in Africa into restoration by 2030, but its goal is to increase food security, alleviate poverty, and make the continent—and the world—more resilient to climate change. The best cure for these ailments? Get the landscape back into its full health.
Although AFR100 is in just its second year, Niger can already be viewed as one such success story. Since the mid-1980s, the country’s population has been on a rapid rise—it has doubled in the past 18 years alone—in turn putting tremendous pressure on the land. In response, farmers began planting easy-to-grow trees and shrubs in order to protect their soil, water, and fuel sources, a method that has come to be known as farmer managed natural regeneration (FMNR). To date, more than 5 million hectares have benefitted from this without government aid, increasing cereal
production to feed an additional 2.5 million people annually and reducing the average time it takes to collect firewood from 2.5 hours a day to 30 minutes.

Friday, September 29, 2017

Food and Nutrition Security assessment tools (IPC/CH)

28 September 2017InfoPoint Lunchtime conference: Food and Nutrition Security assessment tools (IPC/CH).

Today, international community has a common vision on the food crises in the world. This is made possible by the outputs from the consensus-based tools of food and nutrition security assessment used on the field. JRC is a key partner of the UN agencies (FAO-WFP) and other organization in the scientific development and technical implementation of those tools.

Presentation: Tharcisse Nkunzimana, Scientific Officer - JRC-ISPRA, Unit D5, Food Security. He is a senior researcher in food and nutrition security analysis based in JRC- ISPRA. He delivered an introduction to the two common tools used. 

  1. The Integrated food security Phase Classification (IPC) and 
  2. the Cadre harmonise/harmonized framework (CH) used in West Africa 
The tools were presented with a focus on the technical implementation and some challenges. 



How to ensure food security in times of climate change?

4 September 2017. A new 4-minute video by adelphi, featuring Sue Lautze (FAO), Oli Brown (UNEP), John Liu (Ecosystem Ambassador) and Kitty van der Heijden (World Resources Institute), addresses the impact of climate change in conflict contexts and looks into to mechanisms for mitigating the effects of climate change on peace. The experts argue that land restoration and early warning systems among other approaches should be supported by global governance for curtailing climate-related risks to peace.

Climate change is likely to disrupt food production in many regions. This will have serious consequences for local livelihoods - particularly those dependent on farming, fishing and herding. Others will also be affected, as the risk of public unrest and civil conflict intensifies when food prices and availability become more volatile. Climate change impacts may hence undermine global progress in achieving SDG 2 (Zero Hunger) and SDG 16 (Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions).

The Climate Diplomacy initiative is a collaborative effort of the German Federal Foreign Office in partnership with adelphi. Subscribe to the newsletter here: Follow Climate Diplomacy on Twitter:

Wednesday, September 27, 2017

Science for Development: Seminar in advance of the AU-EU Summit

27 September 2017. Brussels. Permanent Representation of Ireland to the European Union. The aim of the seminar was to discuss the relevant research infrastructures and examples of capacity building for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals and to examine the enabling policy and regulatory environment for facilitating sharing of data and knowledge between practitioners in Europe and Africa and enhancing science cooperation on a global level.

The seminar also considered agriculture and food security, and how Africa and Europe can cooperate. Research and innovation are pivotal to realisation of the goals of Africa’s transformative agenda. Food security, nutrition and sustainable agriculture (FNSSA) was identified as the first priority by the EU-Africa High Level Policy Dialogue (HLPD) on Science, Technology and Innovation.

Extract of the programme:
  • Perspectives on Science with Africa, Triona McCormack, Director of Research, University College Dublin, Ireland
  • European Open Science Cloud, Jean-Claude Burgelman, Head of Unit, Directorate General for Research and Innovation, European Commission
  • Africa Data Intensive Research Cloud (ADIRC), Vinny Pillay, Minister Counsellor, South African Mission to the European Union, Department of Science and Technology
Setting the Scene for Science at the AU-EU Summit
  • Joe Costello, Former Minister for Trade and Development, Ireland
  • Jonathan Van Meerbeeck, Pan African Programme, Directorate-General for International Co-operation and Development, European Commission
  • John Fred Kakule, Expert in charge of Science and Technology, Africa Caribbean Pacific Group of States

What determines public budgets for agricultural growth in the developing world?

26 September 2017. With agriculture still the mainstay for the majority of poor people, increasing competition for public resources forces the academic and practitioner community to focus a sharper lens on how to properly target agricultural public investments for development. Yet, policymakers often tend to neglect agricultural investments with proven high returns, such as agricultural R and D, while types of agricultural public spending with much more limited welfare impact, such as agricultural input subsidies, gain strong budgetary attention. Why do such patterns persist?

This webinar by Tewodaj Mogues (picture) (IFPRI) looked at this conundrum, with a focus on Africa, by presenting findings from data and research in three aspects of agricultural public investments.

Making Food Systems Deliver More Nutrition: The Role of the Private Sector

27 September 2017InfoPoint Lunchtime conference: Food Systems for Improved Nutrition

Presentation: Lawrence Haddad, Executive Director, GAIN

Food systems are geared towards meeting demand and generating commercial returns. They are not necessarily geared towards improving diets. But the crisis in poor diet quality—driving both undernutrition and conditions such as obesity, diabetes and hypertension--means that diets must improve and food systems become a bigger part of the solution. This talk explores how governments and businesses can begin to shape food systems to deliver healthier diets.

This is the link to the video of the conference:

Project backs sustainable African aquaculture

20 September 2017. A new initiative that aims to promote inclusive and sustainable aquaculture in Africa as a means to achieve human development, food and nutrition security has been launched this week.

Backed by WorldFish and the CGIAR Research Program on Fish Agri-Food Systems (FISH), the Cape Town Call to Action proposes concrete actions to engender greater collaboration and evidence-based guidance that
takes into account recent innovations with proven pro-poor benefits - especially in terms of nutrition, employment and income generation.

The 3-page document, which is in line with the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), is a result of deliberations that took place at the African Aquaculture Policy day during the World Aquaculture conference on 26–30 June. It includes proposals for regional collaboration on research and development with the establishment of centers of excellence, investments in capacity building and the dissemination of best management practices for profitable, productive, environmentally-sustainable and nutrition sensitive aquaculture.

Organizations currently supporting the Call to Action are: The African Union Inter-African Bureau for Animal Resources (AU-IBAR), the East African Community Lake Victoria Fisheries Organization (EAC-LVFO), the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO), the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD), the Southern African Development Community (SADC), the World Aquaculture Society and WorldFish.

Latest PAEPARD publications

27 September 2017Latest PAEPARD publications

(5 pages) The PAEPARD communication and advocacy strategy aims to support and strengthen AfricanEuropean multi-stakeholder ARD partnerships by demonstrating the value of a demand-led approach involving a wide range of actors. 

Note d'orientation N° 4 Le cheminement d'une plateforme d'information vers un système de gestion des connaissances
(5 pages) La stratégie de communication et de plaidoyer de PAEPARD vise à soutenir et à renforcer les partenariats multi-acteurs en RAD entre l’Afrique et l’Europe en démontrant l’efficacité d’une approche fondée sur la demande et associant un large éventail d’acteurs. 
(9 pages) The PAEPARD communication and advocacy strategy aims to support and strengthen AfricanEuropean multi-stakeholder ARD partnerships by demonstrating the value of a demand-led approach involving a wide range of actors. 

La communication de PAEPARD communication : Le cheminement d'une plateforme d'information vers un système de gestion des connaissances
(9 pages) La stratégie de communication et de plaidoyer de PAEPARD vise à soutenir et à renforcer les partenariats multi-acteurs en RAD entre l’Afrique et l’Europe en démontrant l’efficacité d’une approche fondée sur la demande et associant un large éventail d’acteurs. 

Appraising the participation of European partners in the PAEPARD Users-Led Process
(17 pages) In this study, we reviewed the evolution of the ULP as implemented by five regional farmers' organisations (EAFF, PROPAC, ROPPA, COLEACP, FANRPAN), identified the ULP stage at which European partners become engaged, and evaluated their contribution.
(17 pages) Pour cette étude, nous avons analysé l’évolution du PGU tel qu’il est a été mis en œuvre par cinq organisations de producteurs (l’EAFF , la PROPAC , le ROPPA , le COLEACP, le FANRPAN )

(11 pages) The European Development Days (EDD17) did not allow for the dissemination of printed material, thus the organizers of the EDD17 encouraged the use of social media as communication tools before and during the EDD17

Tuesday, September 26, 2017

Seven-year debt investment into a Malawian poultry operator

13 September 2017. London. AgDevCo, a social impact agribusiness investor, announced a $1.8m, seven-year debt investment into a Malawian poultry operator. Food and Feeds Wholesalers Ltd, trading as Kapani, is expanding its poultry operations and developing a global standard processing unit.
  • Kapani is expanding its poultry production and processing capacity to meet growing customer demand for quality meat products. The company will expand its cold chain infrastructure and build a modern processing unit. 
  • Kapani will also establish a buying programme from local farmers, providing training and a reliable market.
  • Kapani specializes in dressed poultry products for the local market. AgDevCo's investment will help the company expand its market in Malawi and, in the longer term, within the East Africa region.
  • The outreach programme will work with up to 1,000 small-scale chicken producers under contract. Kapani will buy and process the chickens and sell them under a new brand targeting the value segment.

Mainstreaming Agrobiodiversity in Sustainable Food Systems

26 September 2017. Rome Italy. The first comprehensive scientific analysis of how agrobiodiversity can make our vulnerable food system more resilient, sustainable and nutritious has been carried out by leading agrobiodiversity research centre Bioversity International.

The 200-page guide provides solid evidence that investments in agrobiodiversity also play a critical yet overlooked role in tackling wider global targets such as reducing poverty and malnutrition, reversing environmental degradation and combatting climate change. It demonstrates that agrobiodiversity can be a more mainstream approach to sustainable development.
“Agrobiodiversity – the edible plant and animal species that feed each and every one of us – holds the key to future food security. But we are failing to protect it, and tap into its potential to transform our food system for the better. Until now, no single study has provided the evidence to showcase the extraordinary impact that investing in agrobiodiversity can have on improving food systems and advancing sustainable development at the same time. This new guide provides evidence on the practices that work for those ready to take action, and should convince more businesses and policymakers that agrobiodiversity is a triple-win investment” Ann Tutwiler, Director General of Bioversity International.
Entitled Mainstreaming Agrobiodiversity in Sustainable Food Systems, the scientific review is rich with data, case studies and suggested indicators to track progress on four key issues:
  • HEALTHY DIETS: The nutritional value underutilized crops and animal species can offer global diets. For example,15g of powder made from local fish in Bangladesh can meet the full daily requirement of vitamin B12, and half the recommended daily requirement of zinc for children aged 6-23 months.
  • PRODUCTION: How agrobiodiversity significantly enhances sustainability on farms. For example, intercropping coffee trees with vegetables in hilly areas led to a 64% reduction in soil erosion, and no decrease in coffee yield. Cropping systems with high agricultural biodiversity from crop rotations, displayed increased soil carbon by 28%–112% and nitrogen by 18%–58% compared with those with low agricultural biodiversity.
  • SEED SYSTEMS: The impact seed systems rich with diversity can have on improving food security, reducing vulnerability to climate change and reducing poverty. For example, one local variety of durum wheat used by farmers in Ethiopia was found to perform 60% better than the best commercially available seed. Two local varieties of durum wheat have now been approved for commercial release following a review of their potential to grow in dry, marginal areas.
  • CONSERVATION: How conserving plant and animal resources contributes to greater food security and more resilient farming systems. For example, farmers in Peru are being contracted to grow a neglected race of quinoa to produce a new brand of quinoa milk, in order to reduce their reliance on the limited varieties being grown for the global market.
The complete book (10 MB)
The book summary (6 MB)

To download just the parts of the book you need to visit following webpage.

19-20 September 2017. Kigali. African Union Regional Workshop on the Implementation of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA).

The two-day conference  attracted officials from African Union countries and beyond, coming ahead of the member countries’ seventh session that will be held in Rwanda from October 30 to November 3.

Wednesday, September 20, 2017


 20 - 22 September 2017. Bonn, Germany. Tropentag 2017: Future Agriculture: Social-ecological transitions and bio-cultural shifts.

The annual interdisciplinary conference on research in tropical and subtropical agriculture, natural resource management and rural development (TROPENTAG) was jointly organised by the universities of Berlin, Bonn, Göttingen, Hohenheim, Kassel-Witzenhausen, Hamburg, ZALF e.V., ETH Zurich (Switzerland), Czech University of Life Sciences Prague (Czech Republic), BOKU Vienna (Austria) and the
Council for Tropical and Subtropical Research (ATSAF e.V) in co-operation with the GIZ Advisory Service on Agricultural Research for Development (BEAF).

It was attended by 825 participants from 58 countries.

The Tropentag is a development-oriented and interdisciplinary conference. It addresses issues of resource management, environment, agriculture, forestry, fisheries, food, nutrition and related sciences in the context of rural development, sustainable resource use and poverty alleviation
H.E.M Monty Jones

Agricultural systems in developing countries are currently undergoing drastic changes. What are the implications of such developments and change processes for food security, resource base quality, rural well-being, and in general for the future of agriculture? These questions and related topics were addressed in plenary presentations and key note lectures in thematic sessions.

Extract of the programme
Wednesday, September 20th
Workshop 8: The economics of improving seed systems of small scale farmers in developing countries
The purpose of the workshop was to come to a good understanding of the difficulties small-scale farmers face with the current trends in seed systems and to determine which opportunities they have to address these challenges.
Elisha O.Gogo Egerton Univ
Godfrey Nambafu Kenyatta Univ
Erick Maina, Egerton Univ
  • Seed business vs. seed tradition: Commercial vs. subsistence crops, What are the economically most important quality deficiencies of seed presently used by small farmers? Under which conditions (crops, farming systems) are formal and informal systems and combinations profitable? How can you build and improve on farmers' present seed systems?
  • Varietal portfolio: High yielding varieties vs. varieties adapted to present (often low) production intensity, homogenous crops vs. high genetic variability? How can small farmers get access to new varieties? Is a formally organized seed value chain a condition for this? Is dependency from supplier of seed a serious risk?
  • Food security : What is the impact of the shift in seed systems on food security? How important is agro-biodiversity regarding food security?
  • Seed policies: Role of quality and certification of seed. Formal vs. informal seed systems. How can policies support good quality seed for farmers? How can we best take into account farmers’ practices? How to ensure that seed is available and affordable to small-holder farmers?
  • Influence of output markets on seed systems: How do output markets and market orientation of farmers shape the prevailing seed system in different crops? How do output markets influence the varietal portfolio of farmers?
Konrad Adler JLI
Christine Schwake, MRI
Crop biotic stresses
Juliet Akello, IITA Zambia
Awareness and Perception about the Occurrence, Causes and Consequences of Aflatoxin Contamination and the Willingness to Pay of Aflatoxin Control in Burundi and Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo 
Web-Version (html) — Print Version (pdf)

Influence of Farming Systems on Aflatoxin Contamination of Groundnut Crops under Field Conditions in Zambia
Dorothea Link, Christine Schwake (MRI)
Juliet Akello
Web-Version (html) — Print Version (pdf)

Networking on Aflatoxin Reduction in the Food Value Chain - AflaNet (Kenya) 
Web-Version (html) — Print Version (pdf)

Aflatoxin Distribution in Crop Products from Burundi and Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo Web-Version (html) — Print Version (pdf)

Thursday, September 21st
Social-ecological transitions and bio-cultural shifts

Knowledge systems
Oral presentations session:

  • Integration of Local and Academic Knowledge to Enhance Agroecological Production of African Indigenous Vegetables (KenyaWeb-Version (html) — Print Version (pdf)

Agricultural and food technology
Oral presentations

  • Vacuum Storage to Protect Durable Stored Products at Different Moisture Contents  Web-Version (html) — Print Version (pdf)

Value chains
Oral presentations session:

  • Value Chain Governance of African Indigenous Vegetables: Smallholders Participation in Kenya Web-Version (html) — Print Version (pdf)


  • Enhancing Skill-Sharing within Multi-Stakeholder Processes: An Example from the Small-Scale Dairy Chain in Kenya  Web-Version (html)
  • Sustainable Intensification Pathways for Dairy Farming in Kenya Web-Version (html) — Print Version (pdf) poster (pdf)

Thursday, September 21st
BMEL session

Chair: Henning Knipschild, Federal Office for Agriculture and Food (BLE), International Cooperation and Global Food Security
Diversified Agriculture for a Balanced Nutrition in Sub-Saharan Africa – Projects Supported by the Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture, BMEL Abstract (ID 1108 ): Web-Version (html) — Print Version (pdf)
  • How to Make Nutrition-Sensitive Agriculture Work? Experiences of the NutriHAF Project in SW-Ethiopia  Abstract (ID 202 ): Web-Version (html) — Print Version (pdf)
  • Urban Agriculture in Mozambique and South Africa. First Evidence from a Complex Research Project  Web-Version (html) — Print Version (pdf)
  • Food Security in Rural Zambia: Integrating Traditional Fruit and Vegetable Crops in Smallholder Agroforestry Systems Web-Version (html) — Print Version (pdf)
  • Improving Community Health-Nutrition Linkages through Solar Energy Based Fish and Crop Integrated Value Chains Web-Version (html) — Print Version (pdf)
  • Kick-Off meeting for the project "Ich liebe Fisch" 
  • Improving Agricultural Extension to Promote Nutrition-Sensitive Innovation: Insights from a Randomised Experiment in Kenya Web-Version (html) — Print Version (pdf)
Thursday, September 21st
GIZ session
Put Agricultural Research into Use to Accelerate the Impact on Income and Productivity for Farmers
  • (Example Benin) : Web-Version (html) — Print Version (pdf)
  • Innovations Don't Fly – Engaging Young Professionals as Service Providers to Accelerate Adoption and Impact at Large Scale : Web-Version (html) — Print Version (pdf)
  • Enhancing Resilience of Communities in Pastoral and Agro-Pastoral Systems by Using Water-Spreading Weirs as a Rainwater Management Strategy (Example Ethiopia) Web-Version (html) — Print Version (pdf)