The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2021 (SOFI 2021) report presents the first evidence-based global assessment of chronic food insecurity in the year the COVID-19 pandemic emerged and spread across the globe.
The SOFI 2021 report also focused on complementary food system solutions that address the key drivers of food insecurity and malnutrition, i.e. conflict, climate variability and extremes, economic slowdowns and downturns, and COVID-19, and that ensure access to affordable healthy diets for all. It will look in-depth at six transformative pathways to achieve this, drawing upon best practices and lessons learned from around the world.
The report was presented by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, the International Fund for Agricultural Development, the United Nations Children's Fund, the World Food Programme and the World Health Organization.
Moderator: Lana Wong
Video (3’) Munir Akram, Host and President of the United Nations Economic and Social Council
QU Dongyu, Director-General, FAO
Henrietta H. Fore, Executive Director, UNICEF
David Beasley, Executive Director, WFP
Zsuzsanna Jakab, Deputy Director-General, WHO
Dominik Ziller, Vice-President, IFAD
Agnes Kalibata, Special Envoy of the UN Secretary-General for the 2021 UN Food Systems Summit Máximo Torero Cullen, FAO Chief-Economist
In recent years, several major drivers have put the world off track to ending world hunger and malnutrition in all its forms by 2030. The challenges have grown with the COVID-19 pandemic and related containment measures. This report presents the first global assessment of food insecurity and malnutrition for 2020 and offers some indication of what hunger might look like by 2030 in a scenario further complicated by the enduring effects of the COVID-19 pandemic. It also includes new estimates of the cost and affordability of healthy diets, which provide an important link between the food security and nutrition indicators and the analysis of their trends. Altogether, the report highlights the need for a deeper reflection on how to better address the global food security and nutrition situation.
Global hunger increased under the shadow of the COVID-19 pandemic - Between 720 and 811 million people faced hunger in 2020 – as many as 161million more than in 2019.
The pandemic heightened the challenge of eradicating hunger - More than 650 million may still be facing hunger in 2030, including tens of millions linked to possible lasting effects of the pandemic.
Nearly 2.4 billion people in the world lacked access to adequate food in 2020 - The increase in moderate or severe food insecurity in 2020 equalled that of the previous five years combined.
Healthy diets are out of reach for around 3 billion people - The increased cost of healthy diets and high levels of income inequality put healthy diets further out of reach in Africa and in Latin America and the Caribbean.
The world is not on track to achieve global nutrition targets - Some progress has been made, but the effects of the pandemic on nutrition will cause setbacks.
In terms of population, it is estimated that between 720 and 811 million people in the world faced hunger in 2020. Considering the middle of the projected range (768 million), 118 million more people were facing hunger in 2020 than in 2019, with estimates ranging from 70 to 161 million. Close to 12 percent of the global population was severely food insecure in 2020, representing 928 million people – 148 million more than in 2019. Globally, malnutrition in all its forms also remains a challenge. Although, it is not yet possible to fully account for the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic due to data limitations, in 2020 it is estimated that 22.0 percent (149.2 million) of children under 5 years of age were affected by stunting, 6.7 percent (45.4 million) were suffering from wasting and 5.7 percent (38.9 million) were overweight.
To understand how hunger and malnutrition have reached these critical levels, this report draws on the analyses of the past four editions, which have produced a vast, evidence-based body of knowledge of the major drivers behind the recent changes in food security and nutrition. These drivers, which are increasing in frequency and intensity, include conflicts, climate variability and extremes, and economic slowdowns and downturns – all exacerbated by the underlying causes of poverty and very high and persistent levels of inequality. In addition, millions of people around the world suffer from food insecurity and different forms of malnutrition because they cannot afford the cost of healthy diets. From a synthesized understanding of this knowledge, updates and additional analyses are generated to create a holistic view of the combined effects of these drivers, both on each other and on food systems, and how they negatively affect food security and nutrition around the world.
FAO (2021) Side event to the Science Days for the UN Food Systems The White/Wiphala Paper on Indigenous Peoples' food systems143 p.This White/Wiphala paper on Indigenous Peoples’ food systems is the result of collective work by Indigenous Peoples’ representatives and experts, scientists, researchers, and UN staff. Over 47 different units, organizations, and institutions have contributed to the Paper from the seven socio-cultural regions. This final version of the White/Wiphala paper has been coordinated by the Global-Hub on Indigenous Peoples’ Food Systems and edited by a Technical Editorial Committee, and summarises the main points received.
This Paper advocates that lessons can be learnt from Indigenous Peoples’ approach to food, which will contribute to the resilience and sustainability of food systems worldwide, as well as supporting the wellbeing of Indigenous Peoples. In this vein, this Paper provides evidence on the sustainability of Indigenous Peoples’ food systems, including the ways in which they have proven resilient over time. The Paper articulates the importance of respecting Indigenous Peoples’ rights to ensure the preservation of their foods systems, and the value this can add to tackling emerging challenges that face mankind.
Convened by The Global-Hub on Indigenous Peoples’ Food Systems, the Alliance of Bioversity International and the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), Center for International Forestry Research and World Agroforestry (CIFOR-ICRAF), French National Research Institute for Sustainable Development (IRD), United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues (UNPFII), Asia Indigenous Peoples Pact (AIPP), United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), United Nations Organization for Education, Science and Culture (UNESCO); Indigenous Partnership for Agrobiodiversity and Food Sovereignty (TIP), Sámi Parliament, Gaia Amazonas, Fund for the Development of the Indigenous Peoples of Latin America and the Caribbean (FILAC), Centre for Sustainable Development and Environment (Cenesta), INFOODS, University of Massey, Monash University, University of Cambridge, University of Greenwich Centre for Indigenous Peoples’ Nutrition and Environment: CINE McGill University.
16 June 2021.#EDD21- BRAINSTORMING LAB - Indigenous Peoples’ Food Systems
Indigenous Peoples are responsible for the protection of 80% of the world's remaining biodiversity. However, the role of Indigenous Peoples’ Food Systems and territorial management practices as key elements to preserve biodiversity while generating food in sustainable ways is not well recognized yet. Since 2009, FAO is working with Indigenous Peoples and research centres to generate evidence-based information on the sustainable, nutrition and resilient elements of Indigenous Peoples’ Food Systems.
Despite having prevailed for thousands of years, Indigenous Peoples’ food systems are affected by climate change, extractive industries, intensive livestock, agriculture production, and land-use changes. This session aimed at generating an exchange of knowledge on how to preserve Indigenous Peoples’ Food systems and recognizing their contribution to the global debate on sustainable food systems and climate change.
Phrang ROY The Indigenous Partnership Coordinator
Anandi SOANS, FAO Indigenous Youth Specialist
Anne BRUNEL, FAO, Indigenous Peoples' Food Systems Specialist
Moderator: Yon FERNÁNDEZ DE LARRINOA, Chief, FAO Indigenous Peoples Unit
The European Development Days (EDD) are the EU’s leading forum on international partnerships and a key fixture for the sustainable development community. For more information, go to eudevdays.eu.
#EDD21 - BRAINSTORMING RESULTS: Indigenous Peoples’ Food Systems
The supply of food in cities in low-income countries is mainly ensured by small-scale production and retail, which have proved effective in feeding cities cheaply. Far from being unorganised, this system is structured by a succession of complementary actors and spaces (producers, collectors, wholesalers, retailers as well as small transport, storage and processing companies). What’s more, micro-, small- and medium-sized enterprises innovate to meet new consumer demand for quality, particularly in terms of health and safety cleanliness. These businesses are generally presented in opposition to large-scale agribusinesses considered "modern" and efficient.
Therefore, the authors of the brief developed six types of urban food systems specific to cities in the South. From their characteristics, they draw five levers for action that could help strengthen the capacity of cities to adapt to their growing populations, emphasising in particular energy- and capital-efficient initiatives.
The side event, in collaboration with the RUAF Global Partnership on Sustainable Urban Agriculture and Food Systems, Michigan State University, National centre for scientific and technological research Burkina Faso and the Unesco Chair on World Food Systems will bring together academics and operators working on urban food systems in Asia, Africa and Latin America.
Introduction: Dao The Anh, vice-president of Vietnam Academy of Agricultural Science, co-author of the research brief, facilitator of the event
Accounting for the diversity of urban food systems: Patrick Caron,Cirad, University of Montpellier, former president of HLPE-CFS, co-author of the research brief
The role of MSMEs in inclusive urban food system transformations: Paule Moustier,Cirad, Head of MoISA, first author of the research brief
Synergies between SMEs, supermarkets and e-commerce in low and middle income countries: Professor Thomas Reardon, Michigan State University
Inclusive innovations to meet urban food consumer demand in Burkina Faso: Charlotte Yaméogo, Institut de recherche en sciences appliquées et technologies, Ouagadougou
Collaboration between Quito municipality and farmer groups for an inclusive food system: Alexandra Rodriguez, responsible for the Participatory Urban Agriculture Project, Quito municipality
Science and Innovations for Food Systems Change: Opportunities for the UN Food Systems Summit - by Joachim von Braun, Kaosar Afsana, Louise O. Fresco and Mohamed Hassan (5 July 2021) 35 pp. [ Download ]
In September 2021, the UN Secretary-General will convene a UN Food Systems Summit (UNFSS) as part of the Decade of Action to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030. Harnessing science, technology and innovation is key to meeting the aspiration of sustainable, inclusive and resilient food systems. Thus, in support of a science- and evidence-based Summit, the UN established a Scientific Group for the UN Food Systems Summit to ensure the robustness, breadth and independence of the science that underpins the Summit and its outcomes.
The Science Days was organized as two half-day virtual events, in combination with side events. Plenary and parallel sessions covered key topics such as:
Plenary 1 (08/07): Unlocking the potential of science and innovation for transformation of food systems
This session set the stage for Science Days, and will focus on the role of STI in transforming foodsystems, on the evolving state of the art of STI, on how to unlock the potential of STI, and on setting the agenda for science to accelerate the transformation of food systems to contribute to achieving the SDGs, especially SDG2.
Moderator: Magdalena Skipper, Editor in chief, NATURE
QU Dongyu, Director-General, United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
Amina J. Mohammed, UN Deputy Secretary-General and Moderator of the Summit Advisory Committee
Agnes Kalibata, UN SG’s Special Envoy for the 2021 Food Systems Summit
Joachim von Braun, Chair, Scientific Group of the UN Food Systems Summit 2021 – Introducing a strategic paper from the Scientific Group
Parallel Sessions 08/07: SCIENCE AS ACTION: SCIENCE-BASED OPTIONS TO ACHIEVE more healthy diets and more inclusive, SUSTAINABLE, AND resilient food systems
Achieving more healthy diets in food systems – STI for affordable and accessible nutritious foods for healthy diets
Achieving more inclusive food systems – STI for eliminating hunger and poverty and for advancing equitable livelihoods
Achieving more sustainable and resilient food systems – STI for making sustainable use of natural resources and managing and preventing risks and crises, incl. climate change and COVID-19
Parallel Sessions 08/07: PUTTING SCIENCE TO WORK: SCIENCE, PEOPLE AND POLICY
Strengthening the science-policy interface across disciplines and policy areas incl. economics, and health-, nutrition-, climate-, ecological-sciences
Investing in institutional and human capacity for science and innovation
Capitalizing on models, data, and communications revolutions, and new methods
Plenary 2 (08/07): Getting to grips with contentious issues related to science, technology and innovations for food systems
This session explored causes of important lingering and emerging food systems related science controversies, as well as missed opportunities in STI for food systems transformation, and discuss the role of research to address such controversies and move beyond polarization.
Ertharin Cousin, Founder and CEO, Food Systems for the Future
Urs Niggli, Honorary professor, Kassel University
Shakuntala Thilsted, Global Lead, Nutrition and Public Health, WorldFish, and 2021 World Food Prize Laureate
David Zilberman, Professor, Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, University of California at Berkeley
Plenary 3 (09/07): Opportunities, trade-offs and synergies.
This session drew upon global foresight models and scenario exercises, looked ahead to the world in 2030 – what will it take to achieve the SDGs especially SGD2 and how much will it cost; what do different scenarios offer under differing conditions/ assumption; what are the key trade-offs and synergies to look out for; what are the key opportunities to tap.
Thomas Hertel, Professor of Agricultural Economics, Purdue University
Elizabeth Mkandawire, FSNet-Africa Network and Research Manager, University of Pretoria
Josefa Sacko, Commissioner for Rural Economy and Agriculture
Jean Eric Paquet, Director-General, DG Research and Innovation, European Commission
As a tangible contribution to the UNFSS, the European Commission has established a High Level Expert Group that will work over an 18-month period to explore the needs, gaps and options to strengthen the international Science Policy Interface(s) for improved food systems governance.
Opinion:The EC High Level Expert Group recommendations are somewhat misleading because they don’t acknowledge the existence of the HLPE, which already fulfills almost all of the needed functions. The recommendation to “urgently establish enhanced SPI mechanisms post-Summit” is likely to fragment scientific input to policy. It seems clear that strengthening the HLPE is the best option for moving forward. (Molly Anderson IPES)
Parallel Sessions 09/07: EMPOWERING AND ENGAGING KEY PLAYERS IN FOOD SYSTEM INNOVATION
Empowering and engaging the youth as key players in food systems innovation
Empowering and engaging traditional and indigenous knowledge holders as key players in food systems innovation
Science in and by food industry and start-ups for food systems innovation
Empowering and engaging women as key players in food systems innovation
Parallel Sessions 09/07: PUSHING THE FRONTIERS OF SCIENCE FOR FOOD SYSTEMS
Pushing the frontiers of science for food systems: Bio-science innovations
Pushing the frontiers of science for food systems: Digital innovations
Pushing the frontiers of science for food systems: Policy and institutional innovations
This session closed the Science Days with reflections on the long-term (beyond 2030) issues,opportunities, and challenges for science, technology and innovation, with special consideration given to ethical issues, nutritional issues, equity issues, rights and justice issues, culture issues, demographics, risk management issues, and international scientific cooperation.
Moderator: Thin Lei Win, Food & Climate Correspondent, Thin Ink
Louise Fresco, President of the Executive Board, Wageningen University & Research "The big challenge [regarding sustainability] is to improve the use of ressources in FoodSystems. (...) Resource-use-efficiency is not very known in the public, but it will be very important."
Peter Bakker, President & CEO, World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) and Member of the Advisory Committee to the UN Food Systems Summit 2021 "Science is crucial for the success of the food systems summit. Therefore, we need a clear scientific framework". "Sustainability means to
Johan Swinnen, Director General, IFPRI "A number of agricultural subsidies should be repurposed to research"
Ismahane Elouafi, Chief Scientist, FAO
Joachim von Braun Closing remarks and way forward
The HLPE fully supports the need to enhance science-policy interface, and will continue to play this role and would welcome a more ambitious roadmap.
The Devex Op-ed by Thanawat Tiensin (CFS Chair), Martin Cole (Chairperson of the HLPE Steering Committee), and Jennifer Clapp (HLPE Steering Committee member):
This new report on the support governments provide to the agriculture sector, demonstrates how over the period 2018-2020, 54 countries provided on average USD 720 billion of support to agriculture annually. Just 6% of all budgetary transfers to the sector, or USD 26 billion per year, was spent on agricultural innovation systems, despite their high social returns.
In contrast, half of support to agriculture is market distorting, inequitable and harmful to both the environment and global food security. Agricultural policies are not contributing to meeting the “triple challenge” facing global food systems of providing safe, nutritious food to a growing world population, providing livelihoods along the food chain, and improving sustainability, by protecting natural resources such as land, water and biodiversity, and reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
Making Better Policies for Food Systems requires the following reforms:
Phasing out price interventions and market distorting producer support.
Targeting income support to farm households most in need, and where possible incorporate such support into economy-wide social policies and safety-nets.
Re-orienting public expenditures towards investments in public goods – in particular innovation systems.
This event presented the findings of an
independent, multi-disciplinary group of scientists who, at a time of
significant technological change and digitization in the biological sciences,
and in the aftermath of COVID-19, have discussed ways to enable data
mobilization and build fairness in the research collaboration and innovation
The group focused on new professional capacity to govern research
and innovation at the meso-level to improve integration of macro-level policy
and micro-level actions. As twin capacities, governance and research can reduce
power differentials among diverse actors and support crisis-based imperatives
for data openness. The group will also discuss how this holistic approach to
capacity could build an evidence-based assessment of governance outcomes and
improve the science-policy interface.
Daniele Manzella, Secretariat of the International Treaty
on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, FAO
Sélim Louafi, Cirad,
Eric Welch, CSTEPS, ASU, USA
Ndjido A. Kane, CERAAS, Senegal
Elijane Ubalijoro, Future Earth, Global Hub Director, Canada; Executive Director, Sustainability in the Digital Age, Canada
David Castle, Univ of Victoria, Canada Georgina
Darrell Sexstone, INTPA, EU Commission, Policy Officer for Agriculture Biodiversity, genetic resources and seed systems, Based in: Gambia
CSTEPS co-led research and development of a new white paper titled Post COVID-19 Implications for Genetic Diversity and Genomics Research &Innovation: A Call for Governance and Research Capacity. This white paper emerged from an independent expert consultation commissioned by the Secretariat of International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture at the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations, with support from the Government of Italy.
The purpose of the consultation was to identify the lasting impacts and the institutional and policy implications of COVID-19 for genetic diversity and genomic research and innovation, with a special focus on open access, global equity and science capacity. The Center for Science, Technology and Environmental Policy Studies at Arizona State University, the French Agricultural Research Centre for International Development (CIRAD) and Keystone Policy Center convened, led and facilitated the consultation.
7 July 2021. Scaling Up Innovations and Partnerships to Modernize African Food Systems by TAAT; AATF; Alliance Bioversity-CIAT (ABC); AfricaRice; CIP; FARA; ICRISAT; IFDC; ILRI; IWMI; WorldFish Centre; IITA; ICARDA.Organised by Technologies for African Agricultural Transformation (TAAT) in collaboration with the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), The WorldFish Centre, International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) and the Alliance of Bioversity International and CIAT, the side event aspires to provide vistas on TAAT’s efforts at transforming African food systems through technology delivery and innovative partnerships that drive food security, deliver better nutrition, reduce poverty, and strengthen food systems.
The pre-Science Days event sets out to examine the impact of scientific innovations and partnerships on food systems and how these can help African farmers build climate and food resilience across agro-ecological zones.
It will unveil opportunities for deepening technology delivery, linking various research innovations to impact delivery in Africa through a complementary convergence of science and technology, favourable policies, strong support institutions and services, and access to finance and markets.
Dr Nteranya Sanginga, DG IITA, will open the side event while Dr Martin Fregene, Director Agriculture and Agro-Industry at the African Development Bank, Dr Kenton Dashiell, Deputy Director General (Partnerships for Delivery) IITA, and Dr Ramadjita Tabo, ICRISAT’s Regional Director will be providing strategic insights.
Equally speaking at the event are Prof Bernadette Fregene, TAAT Aquaculture Leader, WorldFish Centre and Dr Robin Buruchara, Senior Advisor, The Pan Africa Bean Research Alliance (PABRA) of the Alliance of Bioversity International and CIAT.
Moderator: Dr Kwesi Atta-Krah
Dr. Martin Fregene, Director Agriculture and Agro-Industry AfDB
Dr. Kenton Dashiell, Deputy Director General (Partnerships for Delivery) IITA
Prof Bernadette Fregene, TAAT Aquaculture Leader, WorldFish Centre
Dr. Ramadjita Tabo, Research Program Director, ICRISAT
Dr. Robin Buruchara, Senior Advisor, The Pan Africa Bean Research Alliance (PABRA),
Together, panelists and participants identified lessons learned from countries in which substantial investments in adaptive agricultural research and development and extension systems have shown the catalytic role of productivity-led agricultural growth in contributing to employment, resilience, and economic transformation.
Director, Africa Office, Alliance for African Partnership,
Michigan State University & Chair, National Planning
Commission Government of Malawi
Lulama Ndibongo Traub
Technical Director, Regional Network of Agricultural Policy
Research Institutes in Africa (ReNAPRI)
Kevin Chika Urama
Senior Director, African Development Institute,
Nonresident Senior Fellow, African Growth Initiative,
Lead Economist, Agriculture Global Pracitice
The World bank
Chief Scientist, Bureau for Resilience and Food Security,
United States Agency for International Development (USAID)
University Foundation Professor of Agricultural, Food, and
Resource Economics, Michigan State University
Usha Barwale Zehr
Director and Chief Technology Officer, Mahyco Private
Limited (MAHYCO), India and Executive Director, Grow
Indigo Private Ltd
Vice President of Global Stakeholder Strategy and Affairs,
Bayer Crop Science
Chief Economist, AgBiz, South Africa
This Global Dialogue on Trade was co-organised by the Special Envoy of the UN Food Systems Summit, Dr. Agnes Kalibata and the World Trade Organisation.
The Dialogue discussed how the trading system can best be reformed to address the food needs of tomorrow, and support sustainable development as called for by the Preamble to the Marrakesh Agreement establishing the WTO.
International Trade in Food In Times of Crisis
Can the Reform of Agricultural Subsidies Contribute to Food System Transformation?
The WTO Agreement on Agriculture (AoA); The Way Forward
Trade Facilitation and the Cutting of Red Tape for Food System Transformation
This session elaborated on the true costs of the global food system, how true pricing can address those costs and the scientific challenges involved in doing so.
how science can help governments and businesses in a True Pricing Science Network.
how the value of food can be redefined and how in the long run true pricing mechanisms can ensure that affordable and healthy food is accessible to all while conserving the environment.
The session was based on the eponymous paper The true cost and true price of food (42 pp. A paper from the Scientific Group of the UN Food Systems Summit Draft 1 June 2021) which estimated the global true costs of food to be 30 trillion USD, and proposed TCA and true pricing as solutions to address those.
Members of the True Cost and True Price of Food working group of the Scientific Group are hosting this session and took the initiative to convene a True Pricing Science Network (as part of a partnership on the true price of food). This will further the basic and applied science progress needed to apply true pricing at scale by policy makers, businesses and consumers.
Opening remarks – Joachim von Braun
The true costs and true price of food – Sheryl Hendriks, Adrian de Groot Ruiz
Quantifying and valuing externalities: state of the art and key challenges – Mario Herrero, Pietro Galgani
Food-based poverty lines and safety nets for affordability of healthy diets – Elena Martinez
True Pricing policy mechanisms - Adrian de Groot Ruiz
Towards a True Pricing Science Network – Sheryl Hendriks
The first step to correct for these ‘hidden costs’ is to redefine the
value of food through True Cost Accounting (TCA) to address externalities and other market
failures. TCA reveals the true value of food by making the benefits of affordable and healthy
food visible and revealing the costs of damage to the environment and human health. The
second corrective step is true pricing: incorporating externalities in prices to align market
incentives with social values. Appropriate safety nets to boost consumer purchasing power
and the enforcement of rights and regulations should also be part of true pricing to ensure
that affordable and healthy food is accessible to all. Such actions will conserve the
environment and simultaneously meet fundamental universal human rights and accelerate
progress towards achieving development goals
This event addressed the economics of food system transformation. The focus was prices and markets, and how food supply interacts with demand under the influence of policies and programs, environmental change, and technological innovation. It linked economists in universities, governments, and civil society with practitioners in other disciplines and institutions to drive food system change.
Dr. Uma Lele, President of the International Association of Agricultural Economists
Dr. Guy Blaise Nkamleu, President of the African Association of Agricultural Economists
Dr. J.V. Meenakshi, Professor, Delhi School of Economics, University of Delhi, India
Dr. Daniel Sarpong, Associate Professor and Dean, School of Agriculture, University of Ghana
Dr. Anna Herforth, Co-Principal Investigator, Food Prices for Nutrition project at Tufts University
Dr. Will Masters, Professor, Tufts University and Principal Investigator, Food Prices for Nutrition project, USA
The Food Prices for Nutrition (FPN) project is a four-year, $3 million effort (Oct. 2020 – Sept. 2024) to equip governments and development agencies with accurate, updated metrics of diet costs and affordability around the world. This work is funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and UKAid from the Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office (FCDO) as INV-016158.
It is an open access book --free for all and discusses impacts of conflict on food insecurity-Book being released in August/September
This volume provides an analysis of the structure, coordination, and management of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), and the World Food Programme (WFP).
It also looks at the World Bank, the largest international funder of policy advice and investment projects, and CGIAR, a leading funder of international agricultural research.
It provides a fresh perspective and innovative ideas on one of the most significant challenges faced by humanity in a time of climate and health emergencies
It presents a comprehensive analysis of the main global food and agricultural international organizations
It assesses the current state of food security in the context of trends over the last 50 years
Related: 17-31 August 2021. The Board of IAAE moved the
In commercial agriculture, contracts coordinate production and trade, linking input suppliers to producers, all the way to end buyers. A better understanding of these chains of contracts can enable development practitioners and policymakers to increase scope for rural producer agency. Experts from research, policy, finance and private sector discussed the various practices and the opportunities and challenges, the existing models present for smallholders and value chain actors involved in the agriculture and agrifood sector.
Lorenzo COTULA, Principal Researcher, International Institute for
Environment and Development (IIED) - Contracts in commercial agriculture: enhancing rural producer agency
Lorenzo Cotula summarised his recent research analysing of a pool of
40 contracts, examining the extent to which producers have a voice in
contracting and related policy processes; how contracts affect options
for rural producers; whether buyers’ obligations create opportunities for
farmers to exert agency; and how arrangements affect producers’ ability to
respond to risk.
INSIGHTS FROM POLICY AND PRIVATE SECTOR
Policy is a key enabler in support of fairer contractual arrangements which
benefit smallholders and support the entire value chain in the agricultural
and agrifood sector. This includes supportive policies as well as innovative
financing schemes and impact investment facilities providing medium to
long-term financing to private sector enterprises.
The panel included private sector operators across various
Aude SAUVAGET, Investment Officer, EFDI AgriFI
Marlène AMEGANKPOE, Director General, SCS International, Mali
Jonathan MICHAUD, Managing Director, Kossam SDE, la Laiterie du
The EDFI-AgriFi is a Facility of the EU which aim is to provide long-term finance and/or working capital needs in the form of debt or equity, on commercially-oriented terms, to MSMEs active in agri-food value chains and involving smallholder farmers in low and lower-middle income country, but with a focus in Sub-Saharan African countries.
Because it is fully financed by the EC with 39.7 M EUR, unlike the other blending projects, the “blending” is done at the investment level by mobilizing co-financing from European DFIs and other investors. This is also the reason why EDFI-AGRIFI provides more flexibility and allows to take higher risks than other DFIs and private investors on their own, thereby being able to invest in earlier stage projects/SMEs; provide smaller and or longer tenor loans; etc. With a ticket size ranging from 0.5 to 5 million Euros, EDFI-AgriFi therefore addresses the “missing middle” by investing in young and growing businesses that have a clear development impact and that need financing to grow but they are not big enough to obtain financing from local commercial bank or international investors
The contract was signed in December 2017 with the FMO (the Dutch DFI - www.fmo.nl) for a duration of 15 years, who sub-delegated in turn the implementation of the Facility to the EDFI Management Company, an association of 15 European DFIs based in Brussels. It also includes 10 M EUR for Technical Assistance.
AgriFIs’ innovative high-impact smallholder financing provides an integrated approach towards smallholder service delivery models, which typically includes the full spectrum of training, pre-financing of inputs, marketing and value adding services. Over the last few years new initiatives have been started in this segment, taking advantage of mobile technology to lower transaction costs. Through these interventions, companies in AgriFI’s portfolio improve food security and support the creation of new jobs – an approach that directly contributes to the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 1 (reducing poverty) and SDG 2 (fighting hunger).
Debate is ongoing whether organic/agroecological approaches would be a realistic and innovative pathway for eliminating poverty and hunger and promoting responsible and inclusive healthier consumption and production in the Global South. Scientific evidence is barely available as such research usually focused on the North.
Unique results of 12 years’ comparative on-station and on-farm research in Kenya, Ghana, Uganda, Bolivia, and India were presented, highlighting productivity, profitability, and sustainability benefits and trade-offs that organic systems and other agroecological approaches offer to society and the environment. The discussion reflected on policy recommendations towards selected SDG’s with a particular focus on smallholders.
Dr. Irene Kadzere (FiBL) - Benefits and drawbacks of organic agriculture for African small-holder farmers
Dr. Laura Armengot (FiBL) - Productivity and profitability of organic compared to conventional farming in Latin America and India
Joseph Bandana (University of Ghana) - Is organic cocoa farming in Africa sustainable? Insight from comparative research
Dr. Anne Muriuki (KALRO) - Mainstreaming organic at the national level through participatory research: Examples from ProEco and SysCom projects in Kenya
Dr. David Amudavi (Biovision Africa Trust) - Reflections on the research findings and knowledge management from EOAI perspective: policy implications and recommendations
David Bautze (FiBL)
Productivity, Profitability and Sustainability of Organic and Conventional Faming Systems in Sub-Saharan Africa: Comparative analyses (2013 – 2019)
The project "ProEcoAfrica" (2013 – 2017) generated comparative scientific evidence on the productivity and profitability of conventional and organic production systems in Ghana and Kenya with an emphasis on the gender dimension to farming.
Since March 2016, the project "Organic Food Systems Africa (OFSA) (2016 – 2019)" which complements and builds onto ProEcoAfrica is being implemented to generate comparative scientific evidence on the sustainability of these production systems in Ghana, Kenya and Uganda.
The results of 12 years of comparative farming systems research in Kenya, Bolivia, and India provide scientific evidence on economic and ecological sustainability of organic and conventional systems. They illustrate how organic systems and other agroecological approaches can contribute to the SDGs by 2030.
27 May 2021.Open FiBL Day This first digital Open FiBL Day showed how organic farming can contribute to climate change mitigation, what chickens have to do with organic apple growing in the future, if control with water markers really works or what FiBL’s contribution to sustainable cocoa production looks like.
Strengthening research and its uptake as a resource for innovation and to inform practice must be accompanied by better use of the transdisciplinary science base to advise policy making, integrated locally, regionally and globally.
Technical remarks and agenda
Peter McGrath, Coordinator, InterAcademy Partnership (IAP)
Introduction to IAP and its project on Food and Nutrition Security and Agriculture
Volker ter Meulen, Special Advisor, IAP; German National Academy of Sciences, Leopoldina
The role of science, technology, and innovation for transforming food systems in
Sheryl Hendriks, Member, UN FSS Scientific Group; Professor Of Food Security, Department Of
Agricultural Economics, Extension And Rural Development, University Of Pretoria, South Africa
The role of science, technology, and innovation for transforming food systems in
Latin America and the Caribbean
Elizabeth Hodson de Jaramillo, Member, UN FSS Scientific Group; Emeritus Professor, Pontificia
Universidad Javeriana, Colombia; Member, Colombian Academy Of Exact, Physical And Natural
Sciences And Inter American Network Of Academies Of Sciences (IANAS)
The role of science, technology, and innovation for transforming food systems in
Paul J. Moughan, Distinguished Professor, Riddet Institute, Massey University, Palmerston North,
The role of science, technology, and innovation for transforming food systems in
Claudia Canales Holzeis, Consultant, IAP Project on Food and Nutrition Security and Agriculture;
Chief Executive, Kirkhouse Trust
The role of science, technology, and innovation for transforming food systems
Robin Fears, Biosciences Programme Director, European Academies’ Science Advisory Council
Panel discussion with presenters and discussants
Moderator: Peter McGrath
Chibuike Udenigwe, Professor and University Research Chair, The School Of Nutrition
Sciences, University Of Ottawa, Canada; Member, Global Young Academy (GYA)
Frank Sperling, Senior Project Manager, Integrated Biosphere Futures Research Group, Biodiversity
And Natural Resources Program, International Institute For Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)
Member, Indian National Science Academy (INSA)
Earlier in 2021, IAP was invited by the UN FSS Scientific Group to contribute regional and global Briefs, updating material selected from our previous reports. These were published by the UN FSS two months ago.
The Briefs are now brought together in a single volume as a resource to help stimulate further discussion and action, in the run-up to the Summit and afterwards. Taking account of regional similarities and differences, it evaluates a wide range of scientific opportunities that can contribute strongly to tangible progress in transforming food systems; that can be mapped on to the UN FSS Action Tracks; and that can inform the identification and introduction of game changers.
Taken together, the many recent scientific advances and further achievements now coming within reach, constitute a core resource to stimulate innovation, guide practice and inform policy decisions.
IAP’s four regional networks in Africa (the Network of African Science Academies, NASAC), the
Americas (the InterAmerican Network of Academies of Sciences, IANAS), Asia (the Association
of Academies and Societies of Sciences in Asia, AASSA) and Europe (the European Academies’
Science Advisory Council, EASAC) are responsible for managing and implementing many IAPfunded projects and help make IAP’s work relevant around the world.
Participants shared their expertise and exchange views on the
importance of science for efficient policymaking and how it can improve some of the
negative economic, environmental and social externalities of food while fostering a
better understanding of the synergies and potential trade-offs within and between the
different dimensions of food systems.
Experts provided their perspectives on what governance mechanisms are needed at
the global, regional and country level to ensure an efficient dialogue between science
and policymaking and how it can help support farmers through better access to
knowledge, science, innovations, technologies and capacity building.
Moderator Khalid Bomba (FAO)
Chief Scientist, FAO
Deputy Director-General for Implementation, Impact and Sustainable Investment
Strategies, EU Commission Directorate-General for Research and Innovation (DG RTD)
Deputy Director-General, EU Joint Research Centre JRC
Marjeta Jager,Deputy Director-General DG INTPA
Andrea Meza Minister of Environment and Innovation of Costa Rica
Moderator: Ladislav Miko EU Convenor for the UN Food Systems Summit and EU Representative in Slovakia
Roberta Sonnino Professor Director of Impact and Engagement, School of Geography and Planning, Cardiff University, Rapporteur, European Commission High-level Expert Group to assess need for an international Platform for Food Systems Science
Máximo Torero Cullen Chief Economist, FAO
Alan Belward,Head of Unit, Food Security, EU Joint Research Centre JRC
Yemi Akinbamijo,Executive Director FARA
Elizabeth Nshimadala President, Pan-African Farmers' Organization (PAFO)
Divine Ntiokam, Director Climate Smart Agriculture Youth Network (CSAYN)
Pál Goda Managing Director, Research Institute of Agricultural Economics
Giovanni de Santi Director for Sustainable Resources, EU Joint Research Centre
Kerstin Resenow Head of Unit for Research and Innovation, Directorate-General for Agriculture and Rural Development (DG AGRI)
Deputy to the Special Envoy for the UN Food Systems Summit
State Secretary, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry of the Republic of
Slovenia, Presidency of the Council of the EU (as of 1 July)
Secretary General of the Asian Farmers' Association for Sustainable Rural Development
Cherrie AtilanoFounding Farmer, CEO and President of AGREA Moderator
To prepare for the UNFSS, an OACPS Food Systems Dialogue was held to complement dialogues being convened at the levels of Member States of the OACPS and its six regions.
The 79 members of the Organisation of African, Caribbean and Pacific States (OACPS) are a crucial constituency in the global food system, comprising Small Island Developing States (SIDS), Least Developed Countries (LDCs), and Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs).
Its six regions cover a large swathe of the Blue Planet and encompass some of the most vulnerable communities affected by environmental and developmental challenges – including those imposed by the climate crisis causing high levels of food insecurity.
While mindful of the five action tracks guiding the UNFSS for embracing a systems approach to transforming food systems, the OACPS Dialogue, co-convened by FAO Brussels, focused on “ensuring access to safe and nutritious food for all, and, building resilience to vulnerabilities, shocks and stress”, by embracing cross-cutting priority themes of:
Food Systems Resilience
Climate Resilient development pathway for food system transformation
Sustainable food systems to provide healthy diets for all
Development of high value chain commodities
Moderator - Pauline Brandt Journalist
George Rebelo Chikoti- Secretary-General, Organisation for African, Caribbean and Pacific States (OACPS)
Paul Valentin Ngobo - Minister for Agriculture of the Republic of the Congo
Agnes Kalibata - United Nations Food Systems Summit Special Envoy
Stanislav Raščan - Minister for Development Cooperation a.i. of the Republic of Slovenia, Presidency of Council of the EU
Leonard Mizzi, European Commission Directorate-General for International Partnerships (DG INTPA)
Marjeta Jager - Deputy Director-General, European Commission Directorate-General for International Partnerships (DG INTPA)