Platform for African – European Partnership in Agricultural Research for Development

Wednesday, November 6, 2019

Egypt rolls out water-saving smallholder equipment


5 - 6 November. El Minia, Egypt. The Raised Bed Machine (RBM) was developed by the International Centre for Agriculture Research in Dry Areas (ICARDA) in collaboration with Egyptian research centres, public and private sectors, with a view to expanding its use among smallholders in Egypt. It can prepare an acre of agriculture land in half an hour, a task it would take farmers a working day to complete manually, using at least 10 workers.

This is particularly advantageous in a country already experiencing severe water scarcity and where the population is predicted to grow from 92 million to 110 million by 2025, adding to pressure on dwindling resources.
Training of farmers
on raised bed technology
After painstaking efforts to convince smallholder farmers, and incentives such as free seeds and Mamdouh Fanou was wary of using a new agricultural machine, despite attempts by his local agricultural department to convince him of its advantages.
fertilisers, Fanou finally agreed to use the RBM. And the decision paid off when he enjoyed an unprecedented increase in wheat yields on his land last winter. Like many other Egyptian farmers,

The equipment offered to him is capable of preparing and cultivating the soil at the same time, increasing yields by 15-20 per cent and saving up to 25 per cent of irrigation water. This positive experience led Fanou to become a supporter and advocate of the new technology that moved from trial to commercial phase in August after being modified over the past five years to have more economic value for smallholders.

Boosting profits

Atef Sewelam, an expert in water resources management and irrigation at ICARDA, has supervised the design process, as well as managing the research team that developed the equipment. “When we first thought of the device, our main goal was saving irrigation water. But it wasn’t attractive for smallholders, whose main focus was profitability. This made them work on a design that had more advantages for smallholders, including productivity, cost-effectiveness and profitability."
Although the RBM achieved this with wheat crops when piloted with farmers in Sharqiya governorate, northeast of Cairo, researchers chose to develop it further, to suit other crops and different soils. Most of the smallholders who use it cannot afford to own one themselves; there are just a few owners who have invested in the machinery and charge a fee for its use.

Sowing the seeds


The multifunctional machine has a row of furrow openers which allow farmers to dig water channels in the land, and it can drill seeds into the soil between these channels in a simple mechanical way.

The design was ideal for dense farming for crops such as wheat, alfalfa and barley, however it was not successful with other crops such as sorghum and maize, which are grown using a method called hill planting. This technique involves planting seeds in groups on flat-top circular mounds where the soil stays warmer, plants have greater access to water and nutrients, and roots have more room to expand.

So the machine was developed to also facilitate hill planting, saving effort and money for farmers who use this technique.

These modifications, according to Dr. Atef Swelam, had the added advantage of making it suitable for intercropping — planting more than one crop at the same time — while farmers also found a further use for it: “It came as a surprise that farmers were able to create a new use for the device, using it for fertilisation as well, which was totally unplanned.” 

Enhancing efficiency

With ongoing investment from the public and private sector, alterations were also made to the RBM’s structure: it was built using stronger materials to suit any land, allowing it to cultivate even untilled ground. As a result, it has become more economically efficient and multifunctional, with greater appeal to agriculture machinery owners.

According to a study by the manufacturers, the machine is expected to have a life span of around 12 years, and within three years the owner can recoup the expenses of purchasing it.
Mahmoud Nafei is an engineer working for the agriculture guidance administration in Fayoum governorate, who supervises the use of new technologies in farming. He expects that the device will be widely used, after proving efficient when tested with commercial farmers. “Whenever we want to spread an idea among smallholders, we try it with large estates first, as these will present an impressive outcome on a bigger scale,” he says. “That will in turn motivate smallholders to follow suit. This is exactly what happened with this machine.”

Quality crops

Nafei says the machine leads to better quality crops, due to the irrigation method. “When we immerse land with water, roots became like a spoiled boy who finds everything he wants without exerting any effort. However, the new machine that adopts the raised bed planting method does not make water that accessible. This makes the root strive to find it.”
Kamal El-Deen Ibrahim, a manager at the agriculture guidance administration in Minya governorate, explains: “Raised bed planting allows for gaps that give space for wind, and gives the plant strong roots that can resist wind, which helps averting dormancy, which negatively influences the crops.”
Nader Noureddine professor of water resources and land reclamation at the faculty of agriculture, Cairo University, admits it is in the government’s interest to promote the use of the new technology, but adds: “Unless it proved efficient and productive for the farmers, nothing would guarantee its use, even if it saved huge amounts of water. That is why I expect the machine to spread rapidly.”

Original article:

05/11/2019 This article was originally produced by SciDev.Net’s Middle East & North Africa desk.
06/11/2019 Egypt introduces new water-saving equipment to smallholders
Videos


13 comments:

  1. Hello everyone..Welcome to my free masterclass strategy where i teach experience and inexperience traders the secret behind a successful trade.And how to be profitable in trading I will also teach you how to make a profit of $12,000 USD weekly and how to get back all your lost funds feel free to email me on( brucedavid004@gmail.com ) or whataspp number is +22999290178  

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. I finally found an account manager about which for the first time in 5 years I will write a positive review. sure traders Group company really showed its good side. This is both reliability in the execution of orders, and professional consultants who will always come to the rescue if force majeure suddenly happened on the market, I have no complaints about the trading platform, it works perfectly and does not freeze. With the depositing and withdrawal of funds in general there are no problems, everything comes on time. And of course, webinars which are conducted very often, for beginner traders and if you want to recorver your lost funds - I recommend expert.traders4u@gmail.com, although for those with experience too. In general, for four months I have no complaints about the company. you can whatsapp them on +263787350597 Email.... [expert.traders4u@gmail.com].

      Delete
  2. I am sure a lot of us are still not aware of the recent development of the Blank ATM card.. An ATM card that can change your financial status within few days. With this Blank ATM card, you can withdraw between $2,000-$3,000 -$5, 500-$8,800-$12, 000-$20,000-$35,000 -$50,000 daily from any ATM machine in the world. There is no risk of getting caught by any form of security if you followed the instructions properly. The Blank ATM card is also sophisticated due to the fact that the card has its own security making your transaction very safe and untraceable. i am not a stupid man that i will come out to the public and start saying what someone have not done. For more info contact Mr john and also on how you are going to get your order..
    Order yours today via Email: cryptoatmhacker@gmail.com

    ReplyDelete
  3. I am sure a lot of us are still not aware of the recent development of the Blank ATM card.. An ATM card that can change your financial status within few days. With this Blank ATM card, you can withdraw between $2,000-$3,000 -$5, 500-$8,800-$12, 000-$20,000-$35,000 -$50,000 daily from any ATM machine in the world. There is no risk of getting caught by any form of security if you followed the instructions properly. The Blank ATM card is also sophisticated due to the fact that the card has its own security making your transaction very safe and untraceable. i am not a stupid man that i will come out to the public and start saying what someone have not done. For more info contact Mr john and also on how you are going to get your order..
    Order yours today via Email: cryptoatmhacker@gmail.com

    ReplyDelete
  4. INSTEAD OF GETTING A LOAN,, I GOT SOMETHING NEW
    Get $5,500 USD every day, for six months!

    See how it works
    Do you know you can hack into any Credit cards machine with a hacked Credit cards??
    Make up your mind before applying, straight deal...

    Order for a blank Credit cards now and get millions within a week!: contact us
    via email address:: {Legitblankcardsonline@gmail.com}

    We have specially programmed Credits Cards that can be use to hack Credit cards Machines
    Nation Wide, the Credits Cards can be used to withdraw at any Credits Cards or swipe Machines, at
    Stores and POS Machines. We sell this cards to all our customers and interested
    buyers worldwide, the Credit Card has a daily withdrawal limit of $5,500 at any Credit cards Machines
    and up to $50,000 spending limit in stores depending on the kind of card
    you order for. Credits Cards Can also be used in any other cyber hack{Services}, we are here for you anytime any day.

    Here is our price lists for the Credits Cards:

    Cards that withdraw $5,500 per day costs $200 USD
    Cards that withdraw $10,000 per day costs $850 USD
    Cards that withdraw $35,000 per day costs $2,200 USD
    Cards that withdraw $50,000 per day costs $5,500 USD
    Cards that withdraw $100,000 per day costs $8,500 USD


    make up your mind before applying, straight deal!!!

    The price include shipping fees and charges, order now: contact us via
    email address:: {Legitblankcardsonline@gmail.com}

    ReplyDelete
  5. Hi, This is a great article. Loved your efforts on it buddy. Thanks for sharing this with us. Get
    ec council.
    ceh v10.
    ethical hacking training.
    it training.

    ReplyDelete
  6. Hi, This is a great article. Loved your efforts on it buddy. Thanks for sharing this with us. Get
    CISSP training
    cissp exam cost
    CISSP certification.
    it courses.

    ReplyDelete
  7. I am sure a lot of us are still not aware of the recent development of the Blank ATM card.. An ATM card that can change your financial status within few days. With this Blank ATM card, you can withdraw between $2,000-$3,000 -$5, 500-$8,800-$12, 000-$20,000-$35,000 -$50,000 daily from any ATM machine in the world. There is no risk of getting caught by any form of security if you followed the instructions properly. The Blank ATM card is also sophisticated due to the fact that the card has its own security making your transaction very safe and untraceable. i am not a stupid man that i will come out to the public and start saying what someone have not done. For more info contact Mr john and also on how you are going to get your order..
    Order yours today via Email: cryptoatmhacker@gmail.com

    ReplyDelete
  8. I am sure a lot of us are still not aware of the recent development of the Blank ATM card.. An ATM card that can change your financial status within few days. With this Blank ATM card, you can withdraw between $2,000-$3,000 -$5, 500-$8,800-$12, 000-$20,000-$35,000 -$50,000 daily from any ATM machine in the world. There is no risk of getting caught by any form of security if you followed the instructions properly. The Blank ATM card is also sophisticated due to the fact that the card has its own security making your transaction very safe and untraceable. i am not a stupid man that i will come out to the public and start saying what someone have not done. For more info contact Mr john and also on how you are going to get your order..
    Order yours today via Email: cryptoatmhacker@gmail.com

    ReplyDelete
  9. Hi, This is a great article. Loved your efforts on it buddy. Thanks for sharing this with us. Get
    ethical hacking course.
    ceh certification.
    ethical hacking course fees.
    ceh certification cost.

    ReplyDelete
  10. Hi, This is a great article. Loved your efforts on it buddy. Thanks for sharing this with us. Get
    CISSP
    cissp exam
    cissp certification cost.

    ReplyDelete
  11. Hello everyone , here’s your opportunity for you to achieve your dreams of being a multi million dollar rich through trading , I once loss all I got through trading but was fortunate to come across a woman with great virtue and selfless heart (Mary ) i was introduce to her masterclass strategy while searching online which has revived me of all my losses and made me gain more and more . With her unique strategy you are entitled to daily signals and instant withdraw ,be rest assured of getting a refund of all your loss investment with any platform that has denied you in one way or the other in getting your money . Mrs Mary masterclass strategy is simply the best for beginners and those that are finding it difficult to succeed through trading she’ll help you with just a simple step . Email her ( maryshea03 @ Gmail .com) WhatsApp +1 562 384 7738 . Remember this is absolutely free!!!

    ReplyDelete