However, these new dynamics have not been sufficiently studied: there is no overview of these developments or the practices and networks upholding them. This article fills this gap by evaluating and comparing agricultural policy transformations and the possibilities of a just transition in the agriculture sectors in Algeria, Egypt, Morocco and Tunisia.
The article is divided into three sections.
- The first section analyses agricultural policies and the trajectory of agricultural development in the region.
- The second section explores questions of environmental and climate debt, as well as the effects of uneven environmental changes on natural resources and opportunities for development.
- The third section presents and discusses ecological and regenerative agriculture, local initiatives and networks of actors who are building a just transformation of agriculture in North Africa.