Platform for African – European Partnership in Agricultural Research for Development

Monday, June 10, 2024

The Agroecology Transition: Different pathways to a single destination - Eight country experiences

This report provides an overview of the respective farming systems, climates, soils, and actors involved, while also describing the transition itself in relation to the principles of agroecology.

More than 4,400 food system actors, including farmers, rural communities, policymakers, private companies, and researchers were involved in this research. Experiences highlighted in the report in Burkina Faso, India, Kenya, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Peru, Senegal, Tunisia, and Zimbabwe.

Full report is available here:

Agroecology is a transdisciplinary, participatory, and action-oriented approach for co-designing options that enhance food system resilience, equity, and sustainability. Working in eight countries of the Global South, the CGIAR Initiative on Agroecology seeks effective ways to put this approach into practice. In each country, the Initiative concentrates on one or two distinct territories referred to as “agroecological living landscapes” (ALLs), where it engages with researchers, farmers and their associations or communities, private companies, international and national non-governmental organizations as well as local, regional, and national policymakers. 

The Andhra Pradesh Community-Managed Natural Farming (APCNF) 

The Andhra Pradesh Community-Managed Natural Farming (APCNF) program, in which six million
farmers were enrolled by 2022
, is the successor of an earlier program called Zero Budget Natural Farming (ZBNF). It promotes natural farming principles, which include year-round crop cover, crop diversity, integration of animals into farming, and no use of synthetic fertilizers, pesticides, or herbicides.
  • A value chain analysis of groundnut in Anantapur District showed that, while it already incorporates some agroecology principles (such as recycling and input reduction), there is still much scope for strengthening fairness and economic diversification. The success of this avenue requires efforts to address various constraints, such as weak market linkages.
  • Another entry point centers on integrated rice and fish farming, which shows promise for improving farmer incomes, soil health, biodiversity, and climate change resilience. AP’s West Godavari District has zones suitable for this farming system. The systems can be designed to adhere to agroecological principles, namely, nutrient recycling, species diversity, synergies between the rice and fish production system, and social values and diets.
Country activities are led by the International Water Management Institute (IWMI) in collaboration with the Alliance Bioversity International and CIAT, the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), WorldFish, the Center for International Forestry Research and World Agroforestry (CIFOR-ICRAF), the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ), Professional Assistance for Development Action (PRADAN) and the Foundation for Ecological Security (FES).

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