Platform for African – European Partnership in Agricultural Research for Development

Thursday, April 4, 2024

Indigenous Peoples' Knowledge and the Sciences

14-15 March 2024
. Indigenous Peoples' Knowledge and the Sciences. Combining knowledge and science on vulnerabilities and solutions for resilience

Nature-based solutions (NBS) are increasingly considered as having lower costs and delivering more co-benefits than other alternatives. Nature-based solutions now play an important role in the agenda of UNFCCC, but the concept has not yet been adequately incorporated in the CBD process. Combining Indigenous knowledge and NBS can lead to innovative solutions that address social and environmental challenges, including climate change impact and biodiversity loss while respecting cultural values and promoting social equity.

This Joint Pontifical Academy of Sciences (PAS) and The Pontifical Academy of Social Sciences (PASS) Workshop explored NBS and many of the effective medical and food systems innovations, and related indigenous knowledge.

The conference created opportunities for dialogue among Indigenous Peoples and science community on how ethnoecological knowledge can play an important role in developing local solutions that can have global consequences for climate and biodiversity agendas.

Extracts of the programme:

14/03 Welcome and General Introduction to the Workshop 


  • Chair: Johan Swinnen Managing Director of Systems Transformation, CGIAR, and Director General, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) 
  • Maximo Torero Chief economist of FAO Food System and Indigenous knowledge and science (Video) 
  • Tania Eulalia Martinez-Cruz Director of food sovereignty at Land is Life and Research Associate at Universidad Intercultural Maya de Quintana Roo Indigenous Youth leading the future: Sustainable food systems & a sustainable future 
  • Mehrdad Ehsani Vice President, The Rockefeller Foundation. Food Initiative, Nairobi, Kenya Regenerative agriculture and indigenous knowledge 
  • Justice Tambo Senior Socio-Economist CABI, Switzerland Recognizing farmers’ indigenous innovations in Africa 
  • Hanieh Moghani Senior Legal Counsel and Indigenous Advocate - Centre for Sustainable Development and Environment (CENESTA), Tehran Indigenous Knowledge in Participatory Plant Breeding 
  • Xananine Calvillo Ramirez Ambassador - Stop Financing Factory Farming Coalition The food of the future is also ancestral: Mesoamerican plant-based food traditions as climate solutions


  • Elifuraha Laltaika Tumaini University Makumira, Tanzania, Faculty of Law -Senior Lecturer of Human Rights Law & Policy Climate Change & Energy Transition: Safeguarding Africa’s Indigenous Peoples’ Spiritual and Cultural attachment to Lands 
  • Stanley Kimaren ole Riamit Indigenous Livelihoods Enhancement Partners (ILEPA) Kenya Team Leader Indigenous knowledge and Climate change Adaptation strategies: Lessons from Maasai Pastoralists of East Africa
  • Hindou Oumarou Ibrahim AFPAT President, Chad Bringing science and traditional knowledge to build resilience and adaptation and mitigate conflict over resources
  • Ester Innocent Associate Research Professor, Institute of Traditional Medicine-Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Tanzania Bridging Indigenous Knowledge and the Science: The Role of Indigenous Peoples in Health and Pharmaceutical Products Development 
  • H.E. Archbishop Samuel Kléda Metropolitan Bishop of Douala, Tanzania Indigenous Healthcare and Pharmaceutical Science: an African Example
  • Agnes Leina Il’laramatak Community Concerns Executive Director Traditional Indigenous Knowledge Vs Scientific Knowledge in addressing climate change


15-17 May 2024From Climate Crisis to Climate Resilience
  • A 3-day Joint Pontifical Academy of Sciences (PAS) and Pontifical Academy of Social Sciences (PASS) Workshop Summit for bending the curve and bouncing back

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